Fujimori's Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America
by Charles D. Kenney
University of Notre Dame Press, 2003 Cloth: 978-0-268-03171-8 | Paper: 978-0-268-03172-5
ABOUT THIS BOOK | TOC
ABOUT THIS BOOK Much as Augusto Pinochet's 1973 coup in Chile stood as a symbol of the challenges of an earlier period, Alberto Fujimori's 1992 presidential coup became a symbol of the present challenges of democratization in Latin America and the world. In this authoritative book, Charles D. Kenney explores why and how democracy broke down in Peru in 1992. His analysis of Peruvian politics sheds light on the problems of democratic stability in new democracies and points to strategies for preventing future failures in other countries.
Kenney's central argument is that institutional factors--especially the absence of a legislative majority--played a crucial role in the collapse of democracy in Peru in 1992 and throughout Latin America over the last forty years. This argument, which is theoretically and politically controversial in the case of Peru, is examined alongside alternative explanations of Fujimori's coup. Kenney tests the Peruvian case study in a cross-national assessment of democratic breakdowns in Latin America since 1960.
Containing a unique compilation of original quantitative data, Fujimori's Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America is the only book-length study to treat this subject. Kenney's findings will be important for political scientists, scholars of Latin America, and policy makers.
CHARLES D. KENNEY is assistant professor of comparative and Latin American politics at the University of Oklahoma.
Reviews "Charles Kenney has a sophisticated knowledge of his subject. He has the ability to bring his readers along and to immerse them in the fascinating developments of late twentieth-century politics in Peru." --Henry Dietz, University of Texas, Austin
"Charles Kenney advances a well-reasoned case regarding the particular risks to democracy represented by minority presidents--those lacking a legislative majority. He does so through an extensively researched and lucidly presented analysis of the 1992 coup in Peru, which carefully considers alternative and complementary arguments, and in a final comparative Latin American chapter. I highly recommend this book." --Jonathan Hartlyn, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables and Figures
List of Abbreviations
1 THE QUESTION OF DEMOCRATIC BREAKDOWN:
HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE CONTEXTS 0
2 Democracy, Violence, and Economic Crises in the 1980s 0
3 THE COLLAPSE OF THE PARTY SYSTEM
AND THE RISE OF FUJIMORI 0
4 THE POWERS OF THE PERUVIAN PRESIDENCY, DANGEROUS INFLUENCES, AND FUJIMORI'S CRITICAL CHOICES 0
5 THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS: COOPERATION AND CONFLICT (JULY 1990 TO NOVEMBER 1991) 0
6 FUJIMORI VERSUS CONGRESS AND THE COUP
(NOVEMBER 1991 TO APRIL 1992) 0
INTERPRETATIONS OF THE AUTOGOLPE 0
8 MINORITY PRESIDENCIES AND THE BREAKDOWN OF DEMOCRACY IN LATIN AMERICA
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Peru Politics and government 1980-Fujimori, Alberto, Democracy Peru, Democracy Latin America