John Dewey delivered two sets of related lectures at the University of Chicago in the fall quarter 1895 and the spring quarter 1896. Designed for graduate students, the lectures show the birth of Dewey’s instrumentalist theory of inquiry in its application to ethical and political thinking.
From 1891 through 1903, Dewey attempted to develop a revolutionary experimentalist approach to ethical inquiry, designed to replace the more traditional ways of moral theorizing that relied on the fixed moral knowledge given in advance of the situations in which they were applied. In the lectures on the logic of ethics, he sets forth and defends the view that the "is" in a moral judgment such as "This is good" is a coordinating factor in an inquiry. Although the subject matter of the lectures is highly technical, its significance is paramount. It provides the key to and opens the door for a theory that preserves the difference between strictly scientific inquiry and moral inquiry even while it provides a "scientific treatment" of the latter.
Donald F. Koch is a professor emeritus of philosophy at Michigan State University. Heis coeditor of Pragmatism and the Problem of Race.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A Note on Editorial Methods
Abbreviations of Dewey's Published Works
Lectures on the Logic of Ethics: Fall Quarter 1895
Editor's Introduction to the Lectures on the Logic of Ethics
An Analysis of Judgment
How Are Subject and Predicate Connected by the Copula?
The Problem with Empirical and Idealist Theories
The Significance of Tension and the Coordinating Function of the Copula
Intellectual, Aesthetic, and Moral Value
Reconciliation of Scientific and Moral Views of the World
Criticism of the Separation Between Self and God
The Logic of the Ethical Judgment Proper
Interpretation of the Central Moral Categories
The Empirical Theory Concerning Origin and Nature of the Moral Judgment
Criticism of Intuitionalism
The Logic of the Formation of Ideals
Standards as Perfection in the Practical Sense
Badness and Negative Judgment
The Nature of the Categories of Responsibility
Lectures on Political Ethics: Spring Quarter 1896
Editor's Introduction to the Lectures on Political Ethics
General Considerations of the Nature of the Course: The Antagonism Between Politics, Ethics, and Economics
Turning Dualisms into Distinctions: Society/Nature, Subject/Predicate, Organism/Environment
Individuality and the Cosmic Process: Consciousness as a Device for Turning Objects into Stimuli
Putting Content into Social Consciousness: Objects as Indicative (Organism) or Appropriative (Tools)
The Individual as Instrument of Social Development: No Essential Opposition Between the Individual and Society
Competition Replaces Conflict in the Development of Wider Associations
Is Society an Organism?
Relation of Individual Organ to Organism as Whole
Three Social Sciences: Economics, Politics, Ethics
Structure of Social Organization
Political Sovereignty: Legal, Moral, Popular, National
The Moral and the Legal as Phases in the Reconstruction of the Ethical
Classifications of Rights and Duties
Rights in Particular
Competition and Education as Factors in the Selection and Evolution of Social Callings