cover of book

Between Race and Ethnicity: Cape Verdean American Immigrants, 1860-1965
by Marilyn Halter
University of Illinois Press, 1993
Cloth: 978-0-252-01997-5 | Paper: 978-0-252-06326-8
Library of Congress Classification E184.C24H34 1993
Dewey Decimal Classification 973.0496658

      Cape Verdean Americans are the only major group of Americans to have
        made the voyage from Africa to the United States voluntarily. Their homeland,
        a drought-stricken archipelago off the west coast of Africa, had long
        been colonized by the Portuguese. Arriving in New England first as crew
        members of whaling vessels, these Afro-Portuguese immigrants later came
        as permanent settlers in their own packet ships. They were employed in
        the cranberry industry, on the docks, and as domestic workers.
      Marilyn Halter combines oral history with analyses of ships' records
        to create a detailed picture of the history and adaptation patterns of
        the Cape Verdean Americans, who identified themselves in terms of ethnicity
        but whose mixed African-European ancestry led their new society to view
        them as a racial group. Halter emphasizes racial and ethnic identity formation
        among Cape Verdeans, who adjusted to their new life by setting themselves
        apart from the African American community while attempting to shrug off
        white society's exclusionary tactics. Ethnographic analysis of rural life
        on the bogs of Cape Cod is contrasted with the New Bedford, Massachusetts,
        urban community to show how the immigrants established their own social
        and religious groups and maintained their Crioulo customs.
Nearby on shelf for United States / Elements in the population: