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The Invention of Jane Harrison
by Mary Beard
Harvard University Press, 2000
Cloth: 978-0-674-00212-8 | Paper: 978-0-674-00807-6
Library of Congress Classification PA85.H33B43 2000
Dewey Decimal Classification 938.007202

Jane Ellen Harrison (1850-1928) is the most famous female Classicist in history, the author of books that revolutionized our understanding of Greek culture and religion. A star in the British academic world, she became the quintessential Cambridge woman--as Virginia Woolf suggested when, in A Room of One's Own, she claims to have glimpsed Harrison's ghost in the college gardens.

This lively and innovative portrayal of a fascinating woman raises the question of who wins (and how) in the competition for academic fame. Mary Beard captures Harrison's ability to create her own image. And she contrasts her story with that of Eug'nie Sellers Strong, a younger contemporary and onetime intimate, the author of major work on Roman art and once a glittering figure at the British School in Rome--but who lost the race for renown. The setting for the story of Harrison's career is Classical scholarship in this period--its internal arguments and allegiances and especially the influence of the anthropological strain most strikingly exemplified by Sir James Frazer. Questioning the common criteria for identifying intellectual 'influence' and 'movements,' Beard exposes the mythology that is embedded in the history of Classics. At the same time she provides a vivid picture of a sparkling intellectual scene. The Invention of Jane Harrison offers shrewd history and undiluted fun.

Table of Contents:


1. Prolegomena
2. Mrs. Arthur Strong: Apotheosis and After Life
3. Unanimism
4. Myths of the Odyssey in Art and Literature
5. Introductory Studies in Greek Art
6. Alpha and Omega
7. Ancient Art and Ritual
8. Hellas at Cambridge
9. Pandora's Box
10. Epilegomena

Major Archival Sources

Reviews of this book:
"Here is an anti-biography, which confronts previous versions of Harrison's life...Reluctant to offer an alternative myth, yet anxious to avoid already trampled ground, Beard instead explains Harrison's formative years in London, and asks, rather than answers, a series of key questions...The result is an amusing, engaging and opinionated book that looks behind the scenes to find out how biography is invented."
--Julia Briggs, London Review of Books

Reviews of this book:
"[A] provocative biography...Among the many questions which Mary Beard asks is why Harrison was singled out for celebrity...[Beard] has filled a gap, and in vivacious style."
--The Economist

Reviews of this book:
"Anyone climbing aboard this careering mystery tour of a book should be prepared to be taken for a ride. It looks like a biography: faded snapshots, footnotes, gossip around the famous...But this is no biography to any orthodox sense. On the contrary, it is a cluster of didactic essays which amusingly but relentlessly insist that orthodox biography is a fraud, that its claims to uncover the truth are delusory."
--Oliver Taplin, The Independent

Reviews of this book:
"Clever and beautiful...[Jane Harrison] earned the permanent admiration of the Classics faculty at Cambridge. Eugénie Sellers, Harrison's younger protegée and one-time close friend, was equally talented in the field of Roman antiquities...Yet her name is virtually forgotten...Beard's gripping little book is an attempt to set the record a little straighter on Harrison. It is also an attempt to put Sellers back...As Beard ably persuades us, their story is one that can be repeated wherever in history women, through their achievements, appear on the public stage. Whether the trace of that appearance endures for posterity has this far depended on how they fit into the stories male historians tell. From now on, though, chroniclers such as Beard are going to be far more vigilant."
--Lisa Jardine, The Times

Reviews of this book:
In her new, invigorating study of the pioneering Cambridge archaeologist Jane Harrison, biographer Mary Beard quarrels with those who believe they can reconstruct the private life of Harrison with any sort of certainty...The Invention of Jane Harrison shows its seams proudly. Indeed, it calls into question the whole idea of seamless biography, offering instead one more construction, one more invention of a Cambridge myth and idol. But in examining closely previously neglected period in the formation of Harrison and Sellers), Beard illuminates the hidden forces at play in the process of hagiography: how undercurrents of sexuality, passion, jealousy, even love, are suppressed in the re-writing (or even the non-writing or the de-writing) of a life. Felicitously composed and exhaustively documented, this quirky biography demonstrates as well the verve and invention of Mary Beard.
--Thomas Jenkins, Boston Book Review

Reviews of this book:
This book is an intriguing read, giving fascinating insight into Harrison's early days and into the intellectual scene of Classics a century ago.
--Classical Association News

Reviews of this book:
This is not your traditional biography, though it gives a vivid, in-depth feel of the times: the intellectual impact of archaeology in the late 19th century, 'coded games of literary sapphism in the 1920s and 1930s', performances of Greek plays. It is essentially a detective story. Like Wilkie Collins's The Moonstone it turns on an absence: something deliberately mislaid from the legend of Jane Harrison. Persuasively as an archaeologist reconstructing gold earlobes in a Mycenean mask, Beard writes [Eugénie Sellers's] life back into Harrison's.
--Ruth Padel, Independent on Sunday

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