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Finding a Replacement for the Soul
by Brett BOURBON
Harvard University Press, 2004
eISBN: 978-0-674-02859-3 | Cloth: 978-0-674-01297-4
Library of Congress Classification PN56.M37B68 2004
Dewey Decimal Classification 801


Approaching the study of literature as a unique form of the philosophy of language and mind--as a study of how we produce nonsense and imagine it as sense--this is a book about our human ways of making and losing meaning. Brett Bourbon asserts that our complex and variable relation with language defines a domain of meaning and being that is misconstrued and missed in philosophy, in literary studies, and in our ordinary understanding of what we are and how things make sense. Accordingly, his book seeks to demonstrate how the study of literature gives us the means to understand this relationship.

The book itself is framed by the literary and philosophical challenges presented by Joyce's Finnegan's Wake and Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. With reference to these books and the problems of interpretation and meaning that they pose, Bourbon makes a case for the fundamental philosophical character of the study of literature, and for its dependence on theories of meaning disguised as theories of mind. Within this context, he provides original accounts of what sentences, fictions, non-fictions, and poems are; produces a new account of the logical form of fiction and of the limits of interpretation that follow from it; and delineates a new and fruitful domain of inquiry in which literature, philosophy, and science intersect.

Table of Contents:

Note on Abbreviations

Introduction: What Are We When We Are Not?

Part I The Surface of Language and the Absence of Meaning
1. From Soul-Making to Person-Making
2. The Logical Form of Fiction
3. The Emptiness of Literary Interpretation
4. To Be But Not To Mean
5. How Do Oracles Mean?

Part II Senses and Nonsenses: Joyce's Finnegans Wake and Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations
6. A Twitterlitter of Nonsense: Askesis at Finnegans Wake
7. The Analogy between Persons and Words
8. "The Human Body Is the Best Picture of the Human Soul"
9. The Senses of Time
10. Being Something and Meaning Something


This is an adventurous and unusual book. Bourbon moves back and forth between literary and philosophical contexts with ease, showing in multifarious ways how the one can, often in unexpected ways, illuminate the other. Throughout these wide-ranging explorations Bourbon uncovers a good deal about both the nature of literary meaning and our distinctive -- if tellingly irreducible -- relations to literary texts.
--Garry L. Hagberg, author of Art as Language: Wittgenstein, Meaning, and Aesthetic Theory and Meaning and Interpretation: Wittgenstein, Henry James, and Literary Knowledge

See other books on: 1882-1941 | 1889-1951 | Joyce, James | Soul | Wittgenstein, Ludwig
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