"Look for Me All Around You": Anglophone Caribbean Immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance
by Louis J. Parascandola
Wayne State University Press, 2005
Paper: 978-0-8143-2987-0
Library of Congress Classification PS508.C27L66 2005

Interdisciplinary in scope, this anthology redresses the undue neglect of Anglophone Caribbeans--almost 25 percent of the Black population in Harlem in 1920--and their pivotal role in the literary, cultural, and political events shaping the Harlem Renaissance. The poetry, fiction, drama, and essays included explore a variety of issues, such as the increasing emphasis on race and image building, the development of a Black aesthetic, progressive politics, and the struggle to define the status of Blacks in America. Both the literary and political works show the spirit of the New Negro, one emphasizing racial pride and aesthetic consciousness.

Examined closely are those Black and Carribean American figures involved in the Black nationalism movement, socialist groups, and trade unions, including such prominent figures as Marcus Garvey and his two wives, Amy Ashwood and Amy Jacques Garvey, Hubert Harrison, W. A. Domingo, and Frank Crosswaith. Also explored are the developing communist movements as manifested in the writings of Cyril Briggs, Richard B. Moore, Otto Huiswoud, and George Padmore. Essays review the crucial literary contributions of Claude McKay, Eric Walrond, and dramatist Eulalie Spence, as well as historians Arthur Schomburg and J. A. Rogers. This anthology of writers, with accompanying discussions about their works placed in the context of their own time, will be of interest to anyone examining the Harlem Renaissance and the larger Black and Caribbean contribution to cultural and political thinking.
Louis J. Parascandola is associate professor of English at Long Island University and author of Winds Can Wake up the Dead: An Eric Walrond Reader (Wayne State University Press, 1998).
"In Look for Me all around You, Louis Parascandola has identified, selected and gathered together a wide variety of writings by anglophone Afro-Caribbeans in the United States during the Harlem Renaissance years. Augmented by a fine introduction, this is a welcome and valuable anthology, adding to the growing body of literature on the truly remarkable and enduring contribution of those whom Du Bois in 1920 dubbed "this new Ethiopia of the Isles" in America."
--Winston James, Columbia University, author of Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century America.

"Against the background of the complex social tensions of the times, Parascandola's text offers a comprehensive and timely reminder of the multi-faceted contribution of a marginalized community to the most significant cultural and ideological event in New York City's history. Of special interest are accounts of the achievements of lesser-known voices and organs of social activism. Yet again, Parascandola extends the Harlem pantheon to acknowledge the pivotal role of Caribbean artists and intellectuals."
--Carl Wade, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados

"Timely and well-edited, this interdisciplinary anthology of Caribbean writings during the Harlem Renaissance era will be indispensable to expanding debates on transnationalism in both American Studies and Postcolonial Studies."
--Amritjit Singh, former MELUS President and co-editor of The Collected Writings of Wallace Thurman

"‘Look for Me All Around You' provides a generous, balanced, much-needed collection of Anglo-Caribbean writing from the Harlem Renaissance. The essays, poetry, drama, and fiction, introduced by Louis J. Parascandola's superb discussion of Caribbean contributions to black politics and literature in the early twentieth century, demonstrate how distinctive--and how crucial--the Caribbean contribution to the movement really was. Anyone interested in the Harlem Renaissance will want to own this book."
--George Hutchinson, Booth M. Tarkington Professor of Literary Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington
    Editor's Note

    Part 1. Garveyites
    Marcus Garvey
    Africa for the Africans
    The Future as I See It
    The Negro, Communism, Trade Unionism and His (?) Friend
    The Negro's Greatest Enemy
    Declaration of Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World
    First Message to the Negroes of the World From Atlanta Prison
    African Fundamentalism
    The Black Woman
    "Home to Harlem," Claude McKay's Damaging Book Should Earn Wholesale Condemnation of Negroes

    Amy Ashwood Garvey
    The Birth of the Universal Negro Improvement Association

    Amy Jacques Garvey
    Whither Goest Thou
    On a Trip from Coast to Coast
    The Hand That Rocks the Cradle
    Our Women Getting into the Larger Life
    Women and World Peace
    The Tidal Wave of Oppressed Peoples Beats Against the Color Line
    Imprison a Leader and You Boost His Cause
    Women as Leaders Nationally and Racially
    I Am a Negro--and Beautiful

    Part 2. Socialists
    Hubert H. Harrison
    Socialism and the Negro
    Launching the Liberty League
    The New Politics for the New Negro
    The Descent of Du Bois
    Just Crabs
    Two Negro Radicalisms
    The White War and the Colored World
    Hands Across the Sea
    Race Consciousness
    Prejudice Growing Less and Co-Operation More
    "No Negro Literary Renaissance," Says Well Known Writer

    W. A. Domingo
    Socialism the Negroes' Hope
    If We Must Die
    A New Negro and a New Day
    [Everywhere Bolshevism Brings Terror to the Heart Imperialism]
    Socialism Imperilled, or the Negro--A Potential Menace to American Radicalism
    Gift of the Black Tropics

    Frank R. Crosswaith
    Black Man's Burden: Harlem Doubly Enslaved by Color and Capitalism
    Toward the Home Stretch

    Part 3. Communists
    Cyril V. Briggs
    A Race Catechism
    Dr. Du Bois Misrepresents Negrodom
    The Old Negro Goes: Let Him Go in Peace
    Bolshevism's Menace: To Whom and To What?
    The Salvation of the Negro
    The Tulsa Riot and the African Blood Brotherhood
    Programme of the African Blood Brotherhood
    The Decline of the Garvey Movement
    The Black Belt Republic Plan
    Richard B.
    The Colonial Congress and the Negro
    An Open Letter to Mr. Philip Randolph, General
    Organizer of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
    Housing and the Negro Masses
    Free the Scottsboro Boys!

    Otto Huiswoud
    The Negro Problem Is Important
    World Aspects of the Negro Question

    George Padmore
    Gastonia: Its Significance to Negro Labor
    Revolutionary Perspectives

    Part 4. Literary Figures
    Claude McKay
    The Harlem Dancer
    The Tired Worker
    My Mother
    The Tropics in New York
    If We Must Die
    The White House
    A Negro Poet
    Garvey as a Negro Moses
    Soviet Russia and the Negro (Part II)
    A Negro Writer to His Critics
    Arrival (from Home to Harlem)
    Mattie and Her Sweetman
    Crazy Mary

    Eric D. Walrond
    Marcus Garvey--A Defense
    The New Negro Faces America
    The Black City
    On Being Black
    The Stone Rebounds
    The Wharf Rats
    The Palm Porch
    City Love

    Eulalie Spence
    The Starter
    Hot Stuff
    A Criticism of the Negro Drama

    Part 5. Historians
    Arthur A. Schomburg
    The Negro Digs up His Past

    J. A. Rogers
    From Superman to Man (excerpt)
    Jazz at Home
    Is Black Ever White?
    Who Is the New Negro, and Why?


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