Dynamics of Meaning Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar
by Gennaro Chierchia
University of Chicago Press, 1995
Cloth: 978-0-226-10434-8 | Paper: 978-0-226-10435-5 | Electronic: 978-0-226-10451-5


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In The Dynamics of Meaning, Gennaro Chierchia tackles central issues in dynamic semantics and extends the general framework.

Chapter 1 introduces the notion of dynamic semantics and discusses in detail the phenomena that have been used to motivate it, such as "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. The second chapter explores in greater depth the interpretation of indefinites and issues related to presuppositions of uniqueness and the "E-type strategy." In Chapter 3, Chierchia extends the dynamic approach to the domain of syntactic theory, considering a range of empirical problems that includes backwards anaphora, reconstruction effects, and weak crossover. The final chapter develops the formal system of dynamic semantics to deal with central issues of definites and presupposition. Chierchia shows that an approach based on a principled enrichment of the mechanisms dealing with meaning is to be preferred on empirical grounds over approaches that depend on an enrichment of the syntactic apparatus.

Dynamics of Meaning illustrates how seemingly abstract stances on the nature of meaning can have significant and far-reaching linguistic consequences, leading to the detection of new facts and influencing our understanding of the syntax/semantics/pragmatics interface.


4.5.3 Summary


1.1 Introduction

1.2.1 Coordination

1.2.2 If/When-Clauses

1.2.2 IfIWhen-Clauses

1.2.4 Accessibility

1.2.5 Summary

1.3 "Classical" Discourse Representation Theory

1.4 Uniqueness

1.5.1 Weakly Theory-Bound Syntactic

1.5.2 The "Official" Framework

1.6 The First Soul of Discourse Representation Theory

1.6.1 The Construal Component

1.6.2 The Interpretive Component

1.6.3 Semantics via Translation

1.7 The Second Soul of Discourse Representation Theory

1.7.1 File Change Semantics

1.7.2 Quantificational Structures in File Change

1.7.3 Definites in File Change Semantics

1.8 Summary


2.1.1 Two Readings of Donkey Sentences

2.1.2 Proportions and Unselectivity

2.1.3 Discourse Representation Theory and Generalized Quantifiers

2.2 Extensions of Classical Discourse Representation Theory

2.2.1 A New Set of Construal Rules

2.2.2 Discussion

2.3.1 Reviewing Montague's Intentional Logic

2.3.2 The Idea in Informal Terms

2.3.3 The Logic of Context Change

2.3.4 Compositional Logical Forms for English

2.3.5 Dynamic Conservativity

2.4.1 Quantification over Events

2.4.2 Topic Selection

2.4.3 Further Developments and Open Issues

2.5 V-Readings: A Preliminary Account

2.5.1 Are Determiners Ambiguous?

2.5.2 The E-Type Strategy Reconsidered

2.5.3 Limits of the E-Type Strategy

2.6 Summary and Conclusions

Solutions to Selected Exercises

3.1.1 Left-Adjoined IflWhen-Clauses

3.1.2 Right-Adjoined IfIWhen-Clauses

3.2.1 Background

3.2.2 The Logical Form of Tripartite Structures

3.2.3 The Syntax and Semantics of Right-Adjoined IflWhen-Clauses

3.2.4 Fronted Adjuncts and Principle C

3.3 Reconstruction

3.3.1 The Role of Dynamic Binding in a Theory of Reconstruction Clefts CP-Adjoined If-Clauses If-Then-Clauses

3.3.3 Topicalization and Recursive CPs

3.3.4 Chain Binding and Antireconstruction

3.3.5 Summary

3.4 Some Related Constructions

3.4.1 An ArgumenffAdjunct Asymmetry

3.4.2 Disambiguating Effects of Preposed Adjuncts

3.4.3 Asymmetries with Preposed Adjuncts Involving Non-C-Command Anaphora

3.4.4 Donkey Crossover

3.5 Concluding Remarks


4.1 Introduction

4.1.1 The Projection Problem in a Dynamic Setting

4.1.2 Presuppositions and Anaphora

4.2 A Framework for Presuppositions and Anaphora

4.2.1 Intensionality

4.2.2 Updates

4.2.3 Context Change Potentials Revisited

4.3 Some Empirical Applications

4.3.1 A Dynamic Semantics for Propositional Attitude Verbs

4.3.2 The Presuppositions of Determiners

4.4 Definites

4.4.1 Two Possible Implementations

4.4.2 The Functional Theory of Definites Anaphoric Uses of Definites A-Indices and Weak Crossover Accessibility Other Bound Occurrences of A-Indices

4.5.1 E-Type Pronouns Again

4.5.2 Existence and External Negation