What does it mean to be queer and Asian American at the turn of the century? The writers, activists, essayists, and artists who contribute to this volume consider how Asian American racial identity and queer sexuality interconnect in mutually shaping and complicating ways. Their collective aim (in the words of the editors) is "to articulate a new conception of Asian American racial identity, its heterogeneity, hybridity, and multiplicity -- concepts that after all underpinned the Asian American moniker from its very inception."
Q & A approaches matters of identity from a variety of points of view and academic disciplines in order to explore the multiple crossings of race and ethnicity with sexuality and gender. Drawing together the work of visual artists, fiction writers, community organizers, scholars, and participants in roundtable discussions, the collection gathers an array of voices and experiences that represent the emerging communities of a queer Asian America. Collectively, these contributors contend that Asian American studies needs to be more attentive to issues of sexuality and that queer studies needs to be more attentive to other aspects of difference, especially race and ethnicity. Vigorously rejecting the notion that a symmetrical relationship between race and homosexuality would weaken lesbian/gay and queer movements, the editors refuse to "believe that a desirably queer world is one in which we remain perpetual aliens -- queer houseguests -- in a queer nation."
Symmachus was a brilliant orator, writer, and statesman, often flatly labeled as one of the last pagan senators. Cristiana Sogno offers a reconstruction of the political career of Symmachus through close analysis of his extensive writings, while also proposing a critical reevaluation of his historical importance. In contrast to traditional interpretation, Sogno's study demonstrates that Symmachus was primarily an influential politician, rather than a mere pagan zealot.
By portraying the individual experience of Symmachus, the book sets forth a new approach for interpreting the political aspirations, mentality, and attitudes of Roman senators. The much-studied question of the Christianization of the Western aristocracy has created the illusion of a Christian and a pagan aristocracy rigidly separated from each other. Through her study of Symmachus, Sogno demonstrates the primary importance of politics over religion in the public activity of the late Roman aristocracy. Although the book is specifically addressed to scholars and students of Late Antiquity, it will also be of interest to classicists, ancient historians, and non-specialists who wish to know more about this pivotal period in Roman history.
Cristiana Sogno received her Ph.D. in Classics and History from Yale University. Currently she is Townsend Assistant Professor of Classics at Cornell University. Visit Professor Sogno's website at: http://www.fordham.edu.
This bilingual collection shares new translations of old stories recorded over the last four decades though interviews with Yup’ik elders from throughout southwest Alaska. Some are true qulirat (traditional tales), while others are recent. Some are well known, like the adventures of the wily Raven, while others are rarely told. All are part of a great narrative tradition, shared and treasured by Yup’ik people into the present day.
This is the first region-wide collection of traditional Yup’ik tales and stories from Southwest Alaska. The elders and translators who contributed to this collection embrace the great irony of oral traditions: that the best way to keep these stories is to give them away. By retelling these stories, they hope to create a future in which the Yup’ik view of the world will be both recognized and valued.
Qatar: A Modern History
Allen J. Fromherz Georgetown University Press, 2011 Library of Congress DS247.Q35F76 2011 | Dewey Decimal 953.63
What role does Qatar play in the Middle East and how does it differ from the other Gulf states? How has the ruling Al-Thani family shaped Qatar from a traditional tribal society and British protectorate to a modern state? How has Qatar become an economic superpower with one of the highest per capita incomes in the world? What are the social, political, and economic consequences of Qatar’s extremely rapid development?
In this groundbreaking history of modern Qatar, Allen J. Fromherz presents a full portrait that analyzes Qatar's crucial role in the Middle East and its growing regional influence within a broader historical context. Drawing on original sources in Arabic, English, and French as well as his own fieldwork in the Middle East, the author deftly traces the influence of the Ottoman and British empires and Qatar’s Gulf neighbors on the country prior to Qatar’s meteoric rise in the post-independence era. Fromherz gives particular weight to the nation's economic and social history, from its modest origins in the pearling and fishing industries to the considerable economic clout it exerts today, a clout that comes with having the second-highest natural gas reserves in the region. He also looks at what the future holds for Qatar's economy as the country tries to diversify beyond oil and gas. Furthermore, the book examines the paradox of Qatar where monarchy, traditional tribal culture, and conservative Islamic values appear to coexist with ultra modern development and a large population of foreign workers who outnumber Qatari citizens.
This book is as unique as the country it documents—a multi-faceted picture of the political, cultural, religious, social, and economic make up of modern Qatar and its significance within the Gulf Cooperation Council and the wider region.
What role does Qatar play in the Middle East, and how does it differ from the other Gulf states? How has the ruling Al-Thani family shaped Qatar from a traditional tribal society and British protectorate to a modern state? How has Qatar become an economic superpower with one of the highest per-capita incomes in the world? What are the social, political, and economic consequences of Qatar’s extremely rapid development?
In this groundbreaking history of modern Qatar, Allen J. Fromherz analyzes the country’s crucial role in the Middle East and its growing regional influence within a broader historical context. Drawing on original sources in Arabic, English, and French as well as his own fieldwork in the Middle East, the author deftly traces the influence of the Ottoman and British Empires and Qatar’s Gulf neighbors prior to Qatar’s meteoric rise in the post-independence era.
Fromherz gives particular weight to the nation’s economic and social history, from its modest origins in the pearling and fishing industries to the considerable economic clout it exerts today, a clout that comes from having the region’s second-highest natural gas reserves. He also looks at what the future holds for Qatar’s economy as the country tries to diversify beyond oil and gas. The book further examines the paradox of Qatar where monarchy, traditional tribal culture, and conservative Islamic values appear to coexist with ultramodern development and a large population of foreign workers who outnumber Qatari citizens.
This book is as unique as the country it documents—a multifaceted picture of the political, cultural, religious, social, and economic makeup of modern Qatar and its significance within the Gulf Cooperation Council and the wider region.
Hans Christian von Baeyer Harvard University Press, 2016 Library of Congress QC174.17.B39+ | Dewey Decimal 530.12
Short for Quantum Bayesianism, QBism adapts conventional features of quantum mechanics in light of a revised understanding of probability. Using commonsense language, without the equations or weirdness of conventional quantum theory, Hans Christian von Baeyer clarifies the meaning of quantum mechanics and suggests a new approach to general physics.
Thomas K. Nakayama, Charles E. Morris III, "Worldmaking and Everyday Interventions"
Raechel Tiffe, "Interrogating Industries of Violence: Queering the Labor Movement to Challenge Police Brutality and the Prison Industrial Complex"
Camille Holthaus, "The Future of Bisexual Activism"
Jonathan Alexander, "Narrating Sexual Compulsion: Gay Male Writing Beyond Shame"
Jaime Woo, "Grindr: Part of a Complete Breakfast"
Justin N. Thorpe, Adam J. Greteman, "Intimately Bound to Numbers: On the Rhetorics of GLBTQ School Climate Research"
Kathleen E. Feyh, LGBTQ Oppression and Activism in Russia: An Interview with Igor Iasine
Queer Performance and Performativities
Bryant Keith Alexander, "Introduction: Performative Rhetorics of Desire, Resistance, and Possibility"
Kimberlee Pérez, "You Can Get Anything You Want"
Tim Miller, "Lay of the Land"
Jason Edward Black and Charles E. Morris III, eds., An Archive of Hope: Harvey Milk’s Speeches and Writings, reviewed by Maegan Parker Brooks
Alison Kafer, Feminist, Queer, Crip, reviewed by Julie Passanante Elman
Mattilda Bernstein Sycamore, The End of San Francisco, reviewed by Colin Gillis
Lucas Hilderbrand, Paris Is Burning: A Queer Film Classic, reviewed by Ryan James Gliszinski
Julia Serano, Excluded: Making Feminist and Queer Movements More Inclusive, reviewed by Caleb J. Green
Mel Y. Chen, Animacies: Biopolitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect, reviewed by Shawna Lipton
Dennis Altman, The End of the Homosexual? reviewed by John Whittier Treat
Charles E. Morris III, Thomas K. Nakayama, "Queers at Play, Transformative; Blackness and Queerness in Ferguson, Electric"
Matt Conn, "Gaming’s Untapped Queer Potential as Art"
Edmond Y. Chang, "Love Is in the Air: Queer (Im)Possibility and Straightwashing in FrontierVille and World of Warcraft"
Heidi McDonald, "Romance in Games: What It Is, How It Is, and How Developers Can Improve It"
Adrienne Shaw, "Circles, Charmed and Magic: Queering Game Studies"
Jeffrey Sens, "Queer Worldmaking Games: A Portland Indie Experiment"
Bonnie Ruberg, "No Fun: The Queer Potential of Video Games that Annoy, Anger, Disappoint, Sadden, and Hurt"
Sarah Beth Evans, Elyse Janish, "#INeedDiverseGames: How the Queer Backlash to GamerGate Enables Nonbinary Coalition"
Carly A. Kocurek, "Tabled for Discussion: A Conversation with Game Designer Michael De Anda"
Jeffrey Q. McCune, Jr., "The Queerness of Blackness"
Javon Johnson, "Black Joy in the Time of Ferguson"
Reuben Riggs, "Meeting Queerness and Blackness in Ferguson"
Jennifer Tyburczy, "Undeniable Forensic Evidence"
Nyle Fort, Darnell L. Moore, "Last Words: A Black Theological Response to Ferguson and Anti-Blackness"
Katsuhiko Suganuma, Contact Moments: The Politics of Intercultural Desire in Japanese Male-Queer Cultures, Reviewed by Shinsuke Eguchi
Christina B. Hanhardt, Safe Space: Gay Neighborhood History and the Politics of Violence, Reviewed by Eric A. Stanley
A. Finn Enke, ed., Transfeminist Perspectives in and beyond Transgender and Gender Studies, Reviewed by Sam Hsieh
Adela C. Licona, Zines in Third Space: Radical Cooperation and Borderlands Rhetoric, Reviewed by Alyssa A. Samek
Sheena C. Howard, Black Queer Identity Matrix: Towards an Integrated Queer of Color Framework, Reviewed by Dominique D. Johnson
Meredith Heller, "Female-Femmeing: A Gender-Bent Performance Practice"
Elliott DeLine, "Just Come in from the Rain: A Reluctant Transgender Activist Discusses Transgender Abuse in Syracuse, New York, and the Importance of Self-Care"
Karma R. Chávez, "The Precariousness of Homonationalism: The Queer Agency of Terrorism in Post-9/11 Rhetoric"
Jennifer Tyburczy, "Irreverent: A Celebration of Censorship"
Barbara Nitke, "The Many Stages of Censorship"
"How to Make a Paint Bomb: Alex Donis Recalls My Cathedral and WAR"
Kimi Tayler, "Transformation and the Performativity of Gender: The Shock of the Possible"
Michelle Handelman, "The Magical Buttplug and the Phantom Child"
Baris Barlas, "The Fear of Being Censored"
Hugh Ryan, "A Praxis of Contextualized Controversy"
Queer Perfomance and Performativities
Bryant Keith Alexander, "Introduction: A Farewell to the Section"
Anthony Garrison-Engbrecht, Steven Reigns, "A Queer Dialogue on The Gay Rub"
Alexandros Papadopoulos, "Performing The Homo-Nazi Effect: Gay Neo-Nazism, Digital Drag Attack, and the Postcinematic Cultures of Crisis"
Shinsuke Eguchi, Andrew Spieldenner, "Two ‘Gaysian’ Junior Faculty Talking about Experience: A Collaborative Autoethnography"
Leigh Moscowitz, The Battle over Marriage: Gay Rights Activism through the Media; Mary Bernstein and Verta Taylor, The Marrying Kind? Debating Same-Sex Marriage within the Lesbian and Gay Movement, reviewed by Michelle Kelsey Kearl
Eithne Luibhe´id, Pregnant on Arrival: Making the Illegal Immigrant, reviewed by Sara L. McKinnon
Lynne Huffer, Are the Lips a Grave? A Queer Feminist on the Ethics of Sex, reviewed by Peter F. Murray
Colin R. Johnson, Just Queer Folks: Gender and Sexuality in Rural America, reviewed by Erin J. Rand
Isaac West, Transforming Citizenships: Transgender Articulations of the Law, reviewed by K. J. Rawson
Nishant Shahani, "How to Survive the Whitewashing of AIDS: Global Pasts, Transnational Futures"
Valerie Palmer-Mehta, "Subversive Maternities: Staceyann Chin’s Contemplative Voice"
Leland G. Spencer, John Lynch, "Possibilities for Inclusive Family and Community in Beth Stroud’s ‘Walking in the Light’"
Courtney Bailey, "Confession and Catharsis in the U.S. Academy: Trigger Warnings, Coalitions, and Academic Audiences"
Bryan J. McCann, "Holding Each Other Better: Discussing State Violence, Healing, and Community with BreakOUT!"
Peter Odell Campbell, "Hobby Lobby’s Queer Antecedents (A Tale of Two RFRAs)"
Amy L. Livingston, Anna Kurhajec, "Organizing Priorities: The Problem with ENDA and Burwell"
Lisa M. Corrigan, "So, You’ve Heard of the Duggars? Bodily Autonomy, Religious Exemption, and the American South"
Alyssa A. Samek, "The Fourth Demand"
C. Riley Snorton, Nobody’s Supposed to Know: Black Sexuality on the Down Low, reviewed by Charles I. Nero
Noelle M. Stout, After Love: Queer Intimacy and Erotic Economies in Post-Soviet Cuba, reviewed by Lisa M. Corrigan
Erin J. Rand, Reclaiming Queer: Activist and Academic Rhetorics of Resistance, reviewed by Kendall Gerdes
Meredith L. Weiss and Michael J. Bosia, eds., Global Homophobia: States, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression, reviewed by Joe Hatfield
Jeffrey Q. McCune, Jr., Sexual Discretion: Black Masculinity and the Politics of Passing, reviewed by Cherod Johnson
Adelina Anthony, Las Hociconas: Three Locas with Big Mouths and Even Bigger Brains, reviewed by Ruby Kim
Larissa M. Mercado-López, Sonia Saldívar-Hull, and Antonia Castañeda, eds., El Mundo Zurdo 3: Selected Works from the 2012 Meeting of the Society for the Study of Gloria Anzaldúa, reviewed by Irene Alejandra Ramírez and Adela C. Licona
Laurie Essig, Sujata Moorti, "Introduction to the Special Issue"
Yasmin Nair, "We Were There, We Are Here, Where Are We? Notes Toward a Study of Queer Theory in the
Sujata Moorti, "Queer Romance with the Hijra"
Laurie Essig, "All the World Was There’ and Other White Lies about the Royal Wedding"
Kevin Moss, "Split Pride/Split Identities"
William Poulin-Deltour, "From the PACS to Parité: Preserving Heterosexual Distinction in 1990s France"
Sofía Kearns, "Widening the Spectrum of Desire and Nation: Anacristina Rossi’s Fiction"
Alexander Kondakov, "Teaching Queer Theory in Russia"
Sheena C. Howard, "Archiving as an Act of Cultural Resistance: Steven G. Fullwood and Sheena C. Howard in Conversation"
Ryan Conrad, ed., Against Equality: Queer Revolution, Not Mere Inclusion, reviewed by E. Cram
Anne Emmanuelle Berger, The Queer Turn in Feminism: Identities, Sexualities, and the Theatre of Gender, reviewed by Adam Barbu
Amy Ellis Nutt, Becoming Nicole: The Transformation of an American Family, reviewed by Elizabeth Edington
Robert Payne, The Promiscuity of Network Culture: Queer Theory and Digital Media, reviewed by Rye Gentleman
John M. Sloop, Isaac West, "Heroism’s Contexts: Robbie Rogers and the Ghost of Justin Fashanu"
Paul Borghs, "The Gay and Lesbian Movement in Belgium from the 1950s to the Present"
Laura K. Wallace, "'My History, Finally Invented': Nightwood and Its Publics"
Alexis Pauline Gumbs, "Pulse"
Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes, "Queer Puerto Ricans and the Burden of Violence"
Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes, "Los puertorriqueños queer y el peso de la violencia"
Katie L. Acosta, "Pulse: A Space for Resilience, A Home for the Brave"
Michael Hames-Garcia, "When I Think of Pulse, I Think of Shakti"
Cassils, "103 Shots"
Julia Steinmetz, "The Sound of Everynight Life"
Christina B. Hanhardt, "Safe Space Out of Place"
Kimberlee Pérez, "I Also Want More"
Uriel Quesada, "Hacer lo posible"
Joseph M. Pierce, "Our Queer Breath"
Joseph M. Pierce, "Travestis, negras, boricuas, maricas"
Ramzi Fawaz, "Locked Eyes"
Jennifer Tyburczy, "Orlando and the Militancy of Queer Mourning"
E. Cram, "Pulse: The Matter of Movement"
Jeffrey A. Bennett, "202 Bullets"
Micaela J. Díaz-Sánchez, "Bailando: 'We Would Have Been There'"
Charles Rice-González, "Latino/a Visibility and a Legacy of Power and Love"
Karma R. Chávez, "Refusing Queer Violence"
Shinsuke Eguchi, "The Orlando Pulse Massacre: A Transnational Japanese Queer Response"
Aaron C. Thomas, "My Father’s Pulse"
Ahmet Atay, "A Response to the Orlando Shooting: Queer Communication Pedagogy"
Ryan Conrad, "An Introduction to a Different Kind of Conversation"
Michael Johnson, "A Letter from South Central Correctional Center"
Alison Duke, "The Missing 17 Minutes"
David Oscar Harvey, "On Iowa, HIV Criminalization, and Cautious Optimism"
Demian DinéYahzi’, "NEGATIVE / POSITIVE"
Cyd Nova, "Vectors of Disease: Sex Workers as Bodies to Be Managed"
Francesca Stella, Lesbian Lives in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia: Post/Socialism and Gendered Sexualities, reviewed by Veronika Lapina
Leland G. Spencer and Jamie C. Capuzza, eds., Transgender Communication Studies: Histories, Trends, and Trajectories, reviewed by Sara Hayden
Patricia Bell-Scott, The Firebrand and the First Lady: Portrait of a Friendship: Pauli Murray, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the Struggle for Social Justice, reviewed by Simon D. Elin Fisher
Grace McLaughlin, "Divergent Students, Disruptive Students: Gender Anxieties in U.S. K–12 Schools"
Charles Francis, Pate Felts, "Archive Activism: Vergangenheitsbewaltigung!"
Joshua H. Miller "'Until Death Do We (Queers) Part': (Queer) Biblical Interpretation, (Invented) Truth, and Presumption in Controversies Concerning Biblical Characters’ Sexualities"
Morgan M. Page, Sarah Schulman, "Queer Suicidality, Conflict, and Repair"
Tony E. Adams, Derek M. Bolen, "Tragic Queer at the Urinal Stall, Who, Now, Is the Queerest One of All? Queer Theory | Autoethnography | Doing Queer Autoethnography"
Jennifer Lee, "Ripping Off the Mask: A Queer, Kinky, Fat Masquerade"
Andrew R. Spieldenner, "Infectious Sex? An Autoethnographic Exploration of HIV Prevention"
Sandra L. Pensoneau-Conway, "Parenting the Possible"
Elijah C. Nealy, "Identity Intersections and Transformers: A Transgender Autoethnographic Reflection"
Robert Gutierrez-Perez, "Bridging Performances of Auto/ethnography and Queer Bodies of Color to Advocacy and Civic Engagement"
Amy Arellano, Christina L. Ivey, "Speaking as (Significant) Othered"
Sandra L. Faulkner, "MotherWork COLLAGE (A Queer Scrapbook)"
Shaka McGlotten, "Unlearning/Ethnography"
Ken Plummer, "On the Infinitude of Life Stories: Still Puzzling Queer Tales After All These Years"
Gerald Stephen Jackson, "Transcoding Sexuality: Computational Performativity and Queer Code Practices"
James J. Arnett, "The Revolution Will Be Working Class and Queer: Dos Passos’s Three Soldiers, Progressive Politics, and Revolutionary Rhetorics"
Jennifer Tyburczy, "Queer Resistance"
Kemi Adeyemi, "Donald Trump is the Perfect Man for the Job"
Karma R. Chávez, "From Sanctuary to a Queer Politics of Fugitivity"
Clare Croft, Efren Cruz Cortez, Jennifer Harge, Leyya Tawil, "a provocation towards moving"
Xandra Ibarra, "Training for Exhaustion (2015)"
Alexandra Rodríguez de Ruiz, "Queers Resisting Trump and White Supremacy in Mexico City"
Benny LeMaster, "Notes on Trans Relationality"
Aimee Carrillo Rowe, "A Queer Indigenous Manifesto"
Pavithra Prasad, "Outsider Orbits: Disavowal and Dissent in the United States"
Oli Rodriguez, "Spaces of Solidarity: The Last Seduction/La Seducción Fatal"
Kimberlee Pérez, Craig Gingrich Philbrook, “'In the Wake of "The Violence of Heteronormativity': Reflecting on, Contending with Affective Remains"
Gust A. Yep, "Further Notes on Healing from 'The Violence of Heteronormativity in Communication Studies'"
Benny LeMaster, "Unlearning the Violence of the Normative"
Karma R. Chávez, "Homonormativity and Violence against Immigrants"
Jonathan M. Gray, "Heteronormativity without Nature: Toward a Queer Ecology"
Elizabeth Whitney, "The Sex that God Can’t See: Heteronormativity, Whiteness, and the Erasure of Queer Desire in Popular Media"
Naida Zukić, "The Violence of Heteronormativity: Queer Worldmaking in Anohni’s Hopelessness"
Dawn Marie D. McIntosh, "Victims, Protectors, and Possibilities for Change: White Womanhood and the Violence of Heteronormativity"
Megan Volpert, "Every Violent August: Postcards from the Trenches of High School"
Allen Conkle, "Not Nothing"
Kimberlee Pérez, Craig Gingrich Philbrook, "Letters"
Jin Haritaworn, Queer Lovers and Hateful Others: Regenerating Violent Times and Places, reviewed by Hana Masri
Tan Hoang Nguyen, A View from the Bottom: Asian American Masculinity and Sexual Representation, reviewed by Albert Rintrona III
Thomas R. Dunn, Queerly Remembered: Rhetorics for Representing the GLBTQ Past, reviewed by Cory Geraths
Sara L. McKinnon, Gendered Asylum: Race and Violence in U.S. Law and Politics, reviewed by Lario J. Albarrán
Mimi Schippers, Beyond Monogamy: Polyamory and the Future of Polyqueer Sexualities, reviewed by Jess Matias-Vega
Eric Darnell Pritchard, "Grace Jones, Afro Punk, and Other Fierce Provocations: An Introduction to 'Sartorial Politics, Intersectionality, and Queer Worldmaking'"
Erin J. Rand, "The Right to Be Handsome: The Queer Sartorial Objects of 'Masculine of Center' Fashion"
Garrett W. Nichols, "Rural Drag: Fashioning Rurality and Privilege"
Minh-Ha T. Pham, "Racial Plagiarism and Fashion"
Brandi Thompson Summers, "Race as Aesthetic: The Politics of Vision, Visibility, and Visuality in VogueItalia’s ‘A Black Issue’"
Isabel Flower, Marcel Rosa-Salas, "Say My Name: Nameplate Jewelry and the Politics of Taste"
Eric Darnell Pritchard, "Black Girls Queer (Re)Dress: Fashion as Literacy Performance in Pariah"
Tanisha C. Ford, "A Black Girl Song for Dajerria"
Balbir K. Singh, "The Commodity Fetish of Modest Fashion"
Shaun Cole, "Gay Liberation Front and Radical Drag, London 1970s"
Tameka N. Ellington, Stacey R. Lim, "Rendered Powerless: Disability versus Westernized Beauty Standards"
Andrea Jenkins, "Purple"
Rikki Byrd, "In Search of the Good Life: Toward a Discourse on Reading the Black Body in Hip-Hop and Luxury Fashion"
Annette Harris Powell, "(Un)Dressing the Black Male Body"
Elena Romero, "The Butt Remix: Beauty, Pop Culture, Hip Hop, and the Commodification of the Black Booty"
Katie Manthey, Lolly, "Fatshion as Activism"
Katie Manthey, Elroi J. Windsor, "Dress Profesh: Genderqueer Fashion in Academia"
Minh-Ha T. Pham, Asians Wear Clothes on the Internet: Race, Gender, and the Work of Personal Style Blogging, reviewed by Kimberly M. Jenkins
Vanita Reddy, Fashioning Diaspora: Beauty, Femininity, and South Asian American Culture, reviewed by Lipi Begum
Uri McMillan, Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance, reviewed by Sequoia Maner
Tamar Shirinian, “Queer Life-Worlds in Postsocialist Armenia: Alternativ Space and the Possibilities of In/Visibility”
Ace J. Eckstein, “Out of Sync: Complex Temporality in Transgender Men’s YouTube Transition Channels”
Brett Cameron Stockdill, “Love in the Time of ACT UP: Reflections on AIDS Activism, Queer Family, and Desire”
Jesus Cisneros and Julia Gutierrez, “‘What Does It Mean to Be Undocuqueer?’ Exploring (il)Legibility within the Intersection of Gender, Sexuality, and Immigration Status”
Exhibition and Performance Reviews
Dominic Janes, “Review of Exhibitions: British Library, Gay UK: Love, Law and Liberty; British Museum, Desire, Love, Identity: Exploring LGBTQ Histories; and Tate Britain, Queer British Art, 1861–1967”
Jeanne Vaccaro, “Embodied Risk: Cassils”
Jessica Lynn Posner, “Artist as Alchemist: A Review of Cassils’s Monumental ”
Meg-John Barker and Julia Scheele, Queer: A Graphic History, reviewed by Jess O’Rear
Ana Castillo, Give It to Me, reviewed by Elena Perez-Zetune
Uriel Quesada, Leticia Gomez, and Salvador Vidal-Ortiz, eds., Queer Brown Voices: Personal Narratives of Latina/o LGBT Activism, reviewed by Griselda Madrigal Lara
Jesus Ramirez-Valles, Queer Aging: The Gayby Boomers and a New Frontier for Gerontology, reviewed by Dustin Bradley Goltz
Eric Darnell Pritchard, Fashioning Lives: Black Queers and the Politics of Literacy, reviewed by Gavin P. Johnson
Eli Clare, Brilliant Imperfection: Grappling with Cure, reviewed by Julie Avril Minich
Amy L. Brandzel, Against Citizenship: The Violence of the Normative, reviewed by Annie Hill
Bruno Perreau, Queer Theory: The French Response, reviewed by Kim Coates
Casey Ryan Kelly, “Emasculating Trump: Incredulity, Homophobia, and the Spectacle of White Masculinity”
Angel Daniel Matos, “Rabbit Weddings, Animal Collectives, and the Potentialities of Perverse Reading: Children’s Literature and Queer Worldmaking in A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo”
Forum: Queer Forum on Navigating Normativity Between Field and Academe in India
Jeff Roy, “Introduction”
Gayatri Reddy, “Paradigms of Thirdness: Analyzing the Past, Present, and Potential Futures of Gender and Sexual Meaning in India”
Aniruddha Dutta, “On Queerly Hidden Lives: Precarity and (In)visibility between Formal and Informal Economies in India”
Sayan Bhattacharya, “Unhoming the Home as Field: Notes Towards Difficult Friendships”
Uditi Sen, “Choukathe Danriye (Standing at the Threshold): Queer Negotiations of Kolkata’s Archives and Society”
Elaine Craddock, “Recalibrating (Field)work”
Srimati Basu, “Hiding in Plain Sight: Disclosure, Identity, and the Indian Men’s Rights Movement”
Anuj Vaidya, “Forest Tales: Restorying the Ramayana”
Anjali Arondekar, “Itinerant Sex”
Geeta Patel, “Queer/Ivory Proclivities”
Lalita du Perron, “‘How Can I Be Too Loud and Still Not Be Heard?’ Negotiating Heteromisogyny in the Academy while Confronting White Feminism”
Brian A. Horton, “The Queer Turn in South Asian Studies? or ‘That’s Over & Done Queen, On to the Next’”
Mia Fischer, Sarah Slater, CeCe McDonald, and Joshua Allen, “Transgender Visibility, Abolitionism, and Resistive Organizing in the Age of Trump: A Conversation with CeCe McDonald and Joshua Allen”
Frederick S. Roden, The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, Heavenly Bodies: Fashion and the Catholic Imagination (2018)
Karl Schoonover and Rosalind Galt, Queer Cinema in the World, reviewed by Juan Llamas-Rodriguez
Stacey Waite, Teaching Queer: Radical Possibilities for Writing and Knowing, reviewed by Kathryn Joan Leslie
Omar G. Encarnación, Out in the Periphery: Latin America’s Gay Rights Revolution, reviewed by Lisa M. Corrigan
Ramzi Fawaz, The New Mutants: Superheroes and the Radical Imagination of American Comics, reviewed by Jennifer Cuffman
Evan Mitchell Schares, “The Suicide of Leelah Alcorn: Whiteness in the Cultural Wake of Dying Queers”
Nan Gearhardt, “Rethinking Trans History and Gay History in Early Twentieth-Century New York”
Kyle Christensen, “Containing Voices of Memory: Lesbianism, Second-Wave Feminism, and the Queer Mnemonic Voice-Outtake in MAKERS: The Women Who Make America” 48
Forum: Queer Trans Culture and Invention Beyond Visibility: Experiencing Cassils
E. Cram, “Prelude to an Encounter”
E. Cram, “Feeling a Monumental Midwest: Reflections from Monument Push”
K. J. Rawson, “Witness, Bystander, or Aggressor? Encountering Cassils”
Charles E. Morris III, “Smelling Cassils”
Daniel C. Brouwer, “Illness as Metaphor in Cassils’s Trans Performance”
Benjamin Zender, “What Might Be Bullets, Fireworks, or Balloons: Repertoires of More than Survival in Cassils’s 103 Shots and Lyle Ashton Harris and Thomas Allen Harris’s Brotherhood, Crossroads and Etcetera 1994”
E. Cram and Cassils, “Cassils: On Violence, Witnessing, and the Making of Trans Worlds”
Héctor Domínguez Ruvalcaba, Translating the Queer: Body Politics and Transnational Conversations, reviewed by Matthew Ringard
Vanessa R Panfil, The Gang’s All Queer: The Lives of Gay Gang Members, reviewed by Taheera Shabazz
Trevor Hoppe, Punishing Disease: HIV and the Criminalization of Sickness, reviewed by Mallory J. Johnson
Kadji Amin, Disturbing Attachments: Genet, Modern Pederasty, and Queer History, reviewed by Weisong Gao
David Geer and Isaac Pool, “Love & Resistance: Stonewall 50”
Exhibition Review & Queer Conversation
Chris E. Vargas and Jessica Posner, “Remembering ‘Consciousness Razing—The Stonewall Re-Memorialization Project’: Chris E. Vargas in Conversation with Jessica Posner”
Michael Arditti, Of Men and Angels, reviewed by Frederick Roden
Hongwei Bao, Queer Comrades: Gay Identity and Tongzhi Activism in Postsocialist China, reviewed by Di Wang
Liz Montegary, Familiar Perversions: The Racial, Sexual, and Economic Politics of LGBT Families, reviewed by Matty Hemming
In Qing Colonial Enterprise, Laura Hostetler shows how Qing China (1636-1911) used cartography and ethnography to pursue its imperial ambitions. She argues that far from being on the periphery of developments in the early modern period, Qing China both participated in and helped shape the new emphasis on empirical scientific knowledge that was simultaneously transforming Europe—and its colonial empires—at the time.
Although mapping in China is almost as old as Chinese civilization itself, the Qing insistence on accurate, to-scale maps of their territory was a new response to the difficulties of administering a vast and growing empire. Likewise, direct observation became increasingly important to Qing ethnographic writings, such as the illustrated manuscripts known as "Miao albums" (from which twenty color paintings are reproduced in this book). These were intended to educate Qing officials about various non-Han peoples so that they could govern these groups more effectively.Hostetler's groundbreaking account will interest anyone studying the history of the early modern period and colonialism.
Raised in the gritty Mississippi River town of Davenport, Iowa, Cora Keck could have walked straight out of a Susan Glaspell story. When Cora was sent to Vassar College in the fall of 1884, she was a typical unmotivated, newly rich party girl. Her improbable educational opportunity at “the first great educational institution for womankind” turned into an enthralling journey of self-discovery as she struggled to meet the high standards in Vassar’s School of Music while trying to shed her reputation as the daughter of a notorious quack and self-made millionaire: Mrs. Dr. Rebecca J. Keck, second only to Lydia Pinkham as America’s most successful self-made female patent medicine entrepreneur of the time.
This lively, stereotype-shattering story might have been lost, had Cora’s great-granddaughter, Greta Nettleton, not decided to go through some old family trunks instead of discarding most of the contents unexamined. Inside she discovered a rich cache of Cora’s college memorabilia—essential complements to her 1885 diary, which Nettleton had already begun to read. The Quack’s Daughter details Cora’s youthful travails and adventures during a time of great social and economic transformation. From her working-class childhood to her gilded youth and her later married life, Cora experienced triumphs and disappointments as a gifted concert pianist that the reader will recognize as tied to the limited opportunities open to women at the turn of the twentieth century, as well as to the dangerous consequences for those who challenged social norms.
Set in an era of surging wealth torn by political controversy over inequality and women’s rights and widespread panic about domestic terrorists, The Quack’s Daughter is illustrated with over a hundred original images and photographs that illuminate the life of a spirited and charming heroine who ultimately faced a stark life-and-death crisis that would force her to re-examine her doubts about her mother’s medical integrity.
The Religious Society of Friends and its service organization, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) have long been known for their peace and justice activism. The abolitionist work of Friends during the antebellum era has been well documented, and their contemporary anti-war and anti-racism work is familiar to activists around the world. Quaker Brotherhood is the first extensive study of the AFSC's interracial activism in the first half of the twentieth century, filling a major gap in scholarship on the Quakers' race relations work from the AFSC's founding in 1917 to the beginnings of the civil rights movement in the early 1950s.
Allan W. Austin tracks the evolution of key AFSC projects such as the Interracial Section and the American Interracial Peace Committee, which demonstrate the tentativeness of the Friends' activism in the 1920s, as well as efforts in the 1930s to make scholarly ideas and activist work more theologically relevant for Friends. Documenting the AFSC's efforts to help European and Japanese American refugees during World War II, Austin shows that by 1950, Quakers in the AFSC had honed a distinctly Friendly approach to interracial relations that combined scholarly understandings of race with their religious views.
In tracing the transformation of one of the most influential social activist groups in the United States over the first half of the twentieth century, Quaker Brotherhood presents Friends in a thoughtful, thorough, and even-handed manner. Austin portrays the history of the AFSC and race--highlighting the organization's boldness in some aspects and its timidity in others--as an ongoing struggle that provides a foundation for understanding how shared agency might function in an imperfect and often racist world.
Highlighting the complicated and sometimes controversial connections between Quakers and race during this era, Austin uncovers important aspects of the history of Friends, pacifism, feminism, American religion, immigration, ethnicity, and the early roots of multiculturalism.
Prior to the Quakers’ large-scale migration to Pennsylvania, Barbados had more Quakers than any other English colony. But on this island of sugar plantations, Quakers confronted material temptations and had to temper founder George Fox’s admonitions regarding slavery with the demoralizing realities of daily life in a slave-based economy—one where even most Quakers owned slaves. In The Quaker Community on Barbados, Larry Gragg shows how the community dealt with these contradictions as it struggled to change the culture of the richest of England’s seventeenth-century colonies.
Gragg has conducted meticulous research on two continents to re-create the Barbados Quaker community. Drawing on wills, censuses, and levy books along with surviving letters, sermons, and journals, he tells how the Quakers sought to implement their beliefs in peace, simplicity, and equality in a place ruled by a planter class that had built its wealth on the backs of slaves. He reveals that Barbados Quakers were a critical part of a transatlantic network of Friends and explains how they established a “counterculture” on the island—one that challenged the practices of the planter class and the class’s dominance in island government, church, and economy.
In this compelling study, Gragg focuses primarily on the seventeenth century when the Quakers were most numerous and active on Barbados. He tells how Friends sought to convert slaves and improve their working and living conditions. He describes how Quakers refused to fund the Anglican Church, take oaths, participate in the militia, or pay taxes to maintain forts—and how they condemned Anglican clergymen, disrupted their services, and wrote papers critical of the established church. By the 1680s, Quakers were maintaining five meetinghouses and several cemeteries, paying for their own poor relief, and keeping their own records of births, deaths, and marriages. Gragg also tells of the severe challenges and penalties they faced for confronting and rejecting the dominant culture.
With their civil disobedience and stand on slavery, Quakers on Barbados played an important role in the early British Empire but have been largely neglected by scholars. Gragg’s work makes their contribution clear as it opens a new window on the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Atlantic world.
This collection of fifteen insightful essays examines the complexity and diversity of Quaker antislavery attitudes across three centuries, from 1658 to 1890. Contributors from a range of disciplines, nations, and faith backgrounds show Quaker's beliefs to be far from monolithic. They often disagreed with one another and the larger antislavery movement about the morality of slaveholding and the best approach to abolition. Not surprisingly, contributors explain, this complicated and evolving antislavery sensibility left behind an equally complicated legacy. While Quaker antislavery was a powerful contemporary influence in both the United States and Europe, present-day scholars pay little substantive attention to the subject. This volume faithfully seeks to correct that oversight, offering accessible yet provocative new insights on a key chapter of religious, political, and cultural history. Contributors include Dee E. Andrews, Kristen Block, Brycchan Carey, Christopher Densmore, Andrew Diemer, J. William Frost, Thomas D. Hamm, Nancy A. Hewitt, Maurice Jackson, Anna Vaughan Kett, Emma Jones Lapsansky-Werner, Gary B. Nash, Geoffrey Plank, Ellen M. Ross, Marie-Jeanne Rossignol, James Emmett Ryan, and James Walvin.
Quakers and Abolition
Edited by Brycchan Carey and Geoffrey Plank University of Illinois Press, 2014 Library of Congress E441.Q35 2014 | Dewey Decimal 326.08996073
This collection of fifteen insightful essays examines the complexity and diversity of Quaker antislavery attitudes across three centuries, from 1658 to 1890. Contributors from a range of disciplines, nations, and faith backgrounds show Quaker's beliefs to be far from monolithic. They often disagreed with one another and the larger antislavery movement about the morality of slaveholding and the best approach to abolition.
Not surprisingly, contributors explain, this complicated and evolving antislavery sensibility left behind an equally complicated legacy. While Quaker antislavery was a powerful contemporary influence in both the United States and Europe, present-day scholars pay little substantive attention to the subject. This volume faithfully seeks to correct that oversight, offering accessible yet provocative new insights on a key chapter of religious, political, and cultural history.
Contributors include Dee E. Andrews, Kristen Block, Brycchan Carey, Christopher Densmore, Andrew Diemer, J. William Frost, Thomas D. Hamm, Nancy A. Hewitt, Maurice Jackson, Anna Vaughan Kett, Emma Jones Lapsansky-Werner, Gary B. Nash, Geoffrey Plank, Ellen M. Ross, Marie-Jeanne Rossignol, James Emmett Ryan, and James Walvin.
Why the title Quakers and Nazis, not Quakers against Nazis? Was not hostility part of the interaction between the two groups? On the contrary, Hans A. Schmitt's compelling story describes American, British, and German Quakers' attempts to mitigate the suffering among not only victims of Nazism but Nazi sympathizers in Austria and Lithuania as well.
With numerous poignant illustrations of the pressure and social cost involved in being a Quaker from 1933 to 1945, Quakers and Nazis: Inner Light in Outer Darkness reveals a facet of Nazi Germany that is entirely unknown to most people. The book focuses on the heroic acts foreign and German Quakers performed under the Nazi regime, offering fully documented and original information regarding the Quakers' commitment to nonviolence and the relief of the victims.
Schmitt's narrative reveals the stress and tension of the situation. How should a Quaker behave in a meeting for worship with a policeman present? Spies did not stop Friends in worship services from openly criticizing Hitler and Göring, but Nazis did inflict torment on Friends. Yet Friends did not, could not, respond in like manner. Olga Halle was one Friend who worked to get people, mostly Jews, out of Germany until America entered the war. When emigration was outlawed, twenty-eight were stranded. Years later her distress was still so deep that even on her deathbed she recited their names.
Schmitt reminds us that virtually all the Berlin Quakers secreted Jews throughout the war. He shows how these brave Quakers opposed the Nazis even after they lost their jobs and had been harassed by the Gestapo. Risking their lives, the Friends persisted in their efforts to alleviate suffering.
At a time when the scholarly world is divided as to whether all Germans knew and approved of the Final Solution, this book makes a valuable contribution to the discussion. Quakers—despite their small numbers—played, and continue to play, an important role in twentieth-century humanitarian relief. Quakers and Nazis: Inner Light in Outer Darkness, a study of how Friends performed under the extreme pressure of a totalitarian regime, will add significantly to our general understanding of Quaker and German history.
This book traces the Quaker experience in New England and New York from the Arrival of the first English Quaker missionaries in 1646 to 1790. The first Friends faced considerable hostility, so much so that it took almost eighty years for Quakers and their antagonists to solve their differences. By then, Quakers had settled into a comfortable period of numerical increase, and, to the extent that colonies permitted, participated as individuals in colonial political life. During the early eighteenth century Quaker organizational and disciplinary structures derived from the late seventeenth century underwent gradual evolution, but not to the extent of altering the basically comfortable arrangement that served to promote the growth of Friends. After 1750, however, Quakers throughout the colonies entered a period of reform, a reform that led to a numerical decline in older centers and to a drastic reduction in numerical growth. Reform ultimately caused Friends to sharpen their positions on antislavery and pacifism and led to a withdrawal from political participation. Ultimately, it pointed the way to the disastrous nineteenth-century Quaker schisms.
Lee Martin The Ohio State University Press, 2017 Library of Congress PS3563.A724927Q35 2017 | Dewey Decimal 813.54
In Quakertown, Lee Martin travels back in time to 1920s Texas to tell the story of a flourishing black community that was segregated from its white brethren—and of the remarkable gardener who was asked to do the unimaginable.
Based on the true story of a shameful episode in north Texas history, Quakertown draws on the rich texture of the South—the Pecan Creek running along the edges of Quakertown, the remarkable and rare white lilac, and the rising tensions marking each nod and greeting. With strength and a deep wisdom of heart, Martin carves out the delicate story of two families—one white and one black—and the child whose birth brought a gift of forgiveness.
Suffused with Martin’s deep compassion and profound humanity, Quakertown is an unforgettable novel from a master of American prose.
This perceptive, lively study explores U.S. women's sport through historical "points of change": particular products or trends that dramatically influenced both women's participation in sport and cultural responses to women athletes.
Beginning with the seemingly innocent ponytail, the subject of the Introduction, scholar Jaime Schultz challenges the reader to look at the historical and sociological significance of now-common items such as sports bras and tampons and ideas such as sex testing and competitive cheerleading. Tennis wear, tampons, and sports bras all facilitated women’s participation in physical culture, while physical educators, the aesthetic fitness movement, and Title IX encouraged women to challenge (or confront) policy, financial, and cultural obstacles.
While some of these points of change increased women's physical freedom and sporting participation, they also posed challenges. Tampons encouraged menstrual shame, sex testing (a tool never used with male athletes) perpetuated narrowly-defined cultural norms of femininity, and the late-twentieth-century aesthetic fitness movement fed into an unrealistic beauty ideal.
Ultimately, Schultz finds that U.S. women's sport has progressed significantly but ambivalently. Although participation in sports is no longer uncommon for girls and women, Schultz argues that these "points of change" have contributed to a complex matrix of gender differentiation that marks the female athletic body as different than--as less than--the male body, despite the advantages it may confer.
Rejecting the artificial dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative research strategies in the social and behavioral sciences, Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. Benz argue that the two approaches are neither mutually exclusive nor interchangeable; rather, the actual relationship between the two paradigms is one of isolated events on a continuum of scientific inquiry.
Through graphic and narrative descriptions, Newman and Benz show research to be a holistic endeavor in the world of inquiry. To clarify their argument, they provide a diagram of the "qualitative-quantitative interactive continuum" showing that qualitative analysis with its feedback loops can easily modify the types of research questions asked in quantitative research and that the quantitative results and its feedback can change what will be asked qualitatively.
In their model for research— an "interactive continuum"— Newman and Benz emphasize four major points: the research question dictates the selection of research methods; consistency between question and design can lead to a method of critiquing research studies in professional journals; the interactive continuum model is built around the place of theory; and the assurance of "validity" of research is central to all studies.
Quality Maintenance in Stored Grains and Seeds was first published in 1986. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.
Storage molds are a major cause of quality loss in grains and seeds held in farm bins and tanks, in commercial elevators and warehouses, and in barge and ship transport. The damage done by these storage molds is at first invisible, but later shows up as caking, mustiness, total spoilage of part or all of the grain, and heating - sometimes to the temperature of ignition. The authors, both of whom have had extensive first-hand field and laboratory experience with these grain storage fungi and the problems they cause, summarize in readable and readily understandable form the basic principles and specific practices to be followed in order to minimize such losses.
Chapters are devoted to grain grades and quality; storage fungi; conditions that promote or prevent loss in quality; spoilage in barge and ship transport; mycotoxins (toxic compounds produced by fungi growing in grains and feeds) and mycotoxicoses (the diseases caused in animals that consume such toxic products); insects, mites, and storage fungi, quality control; and identification of storage fungi as an aid in evaluation of grain condition and storability.
Considers how Americans define the quality of their life experiences, as expressed in their perceptions, evaluations, and satisfactions. Based on research conducted by the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, the book uses data which are representative of the national population eighteen years of age and older, and employs the major social characteristics of class, age, education, and income. The authors cover such topics as the residential environment, the experience of work, marriage, and family life, and personal resources and competence. They also report on the situation of women and the quality of the life experience of black people.
Understanding the current quality of care for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression delivered to service members is an important step toward improving care across the Military Health System (MHS). T.his report describes the characteristics of active-component service members who received care for PTSD or depression through the MHS and assesses the quality of care received using quality measures derived from administrative data
The Quality of Divided Democracies contemplates how democracy works, or fails to work, in ethnoculturally divided societies. It advances a new theoretical approach to assessing quality of democracy in divided societies, and puts it into practice with the focused comparison of two divided democracies—Estonia and Latvia. The book uses rich comparative data to tackle the vital questions of what determines a democracy’s level of inclusiveness and the ways in which minorities can gain access to the policy-making process. It uncovers a “presence–polarization dilemma” for minorities’ inclusion in the democratic process, which has implications for academic debates on minority representation and ethnic politics, as well as practical implications for international and national institutions’ promotion of minority rights.
The relationship between government, virtue, and wealth has held a special fascination since Aristotle, and the importance of each frames policy debates today in both developed and developing countries. While it’s clear that low-quality government institutions have tremendous negative effects on the health and wealth of societies, the criteria for good governance remain far from clear.
In this pathbreaking book, leading political scientist Bo Rothstein provides a theoretical foundation for empirical analysis on the connection between the quality of government and important economic, political, and social outcomes. Focusing on the effects of government policies, he argues that unpredictable actions constitute a severe impediment to economic growth and development—and that a basic characteristic of quality government is impartiality in the exercise of power. This is borne out by cross-sectional analyses, experimental studies, and in-depth historical investigations. Timely and topical, The Quality of Government tackles such issues as political legitimacy, social capital, and corruption.
In parks and cafes, homes and stadium stands, Cubans talk baseball. Thomas F. Carter contends that when they are analyzing and debating plays, games, teams, and athletes, Cubans are exchanging ideas not just about baseball but also about Cuba and cubanidad, or what it means to be Cuban. The Quality of Home Runs is Carter’s lively ethnographic exploration of the interconnections between baseball and Cuban identity. Suggesting that baseball is in many ways an apt metaphor for cubanidad, Carter points out aspects of the sport that resonate with Cuban social and political life: the perpetual tension between risk and security, the interplay between individual style and collective regulation, and the risky journeys undertaken with the intention, but not the guarantee, of returning home.
As an avid baseball fan, Carter draws on his experiences listening to and participating in discussions of baseball in Cuba (particularly in Havana) and among Cubans living abroad to describe how baseball provides the ground for negotiations of national, masculine, and class identities wherever Cubans gather. He considers the elaborate spectacle of Cuban baseball as well as the relationship between the socialist state and the enormously popular sport. Carter provides a detailed history of baseball in Cuba, analyzing players, policies, rivalries, and fans, and he describes how the sport has forged connections (or reinforced divisions) between Cuba and other nations. Drawing on insights from cultural studies, political theory, and anthropology, he maintains that sport and other forms of play should be taken seriously as crucibles of social and cultural experience.
Paleobiology struggled for decades to influence our understanding of evolution and the history of life because it was stymied by a focus on microevolution and an incredibly patchy fossil record. But in the 1970s, the field took a radical turn, as paleobiologists began to investigate processes that could only be recognized in the fossil record across larger scales of time and space. That turn led to a new wave of macroevolutionary investigations, novel insights into the evolution of species, and a growing prominence for the field among the biological sciences.
In The Quality of the Archaeological Record, Charles Perreault shows that archaeology not only faces a parallel problem, but may also find a model in the rise of paleobiology for a shift in the science and theory of the field. To get there, he proposes a more macroscale approach to making sense of the archaeological record, an approach that reveals patterns and processes not visible within the span of a human lifetime, but rather across an observation window thousands of years long and thousands of kilometers wide. Just as with the fossil record, the archaeological record has the scope necessary to detect macroscale cultural phenomena because it can provide samples that are large enough to cancel out the noise generated by micro-scale events. By recalibrating their research to the quality of the archaeological record and developing a true macroarchaeology program, Perreault argues, archaeologists can finally unleash the full contributive value of their discipline.
Google, Apple, Amazon, Uber: companies like these have come to embody innovation, efficiency, and success. How often is the environmental movement characterized in the same terms? Sadly, conservation is frequently seen as a losing battle, waged by well-meaning, but ultimately ineffective idealists. Joe Whitworth argues it doesn’t have to be this way. In fact, it can’t be this way if we are to maintain our economy, let alone our health or the planet’s.
In Quantified, Whitworth draws lessons from the world’s most tech-savvy, high-impact organizations to show how we can make real gains for the environment. The principles of his approach, dubbed quantified conservation, will be familiar to any thriving entrepreneur: situational awareness, bold outcomes, innovation and technology, data and analytics, and gain-focused investment. This no-nonsense strategy builds on the inspirational environmental work begun in the 1970s, while recognizing that the next economy will demand new solutions.
As President of The Freshwater Trust, Whitworth has put quantified conservation into practice, pioneering the model of a “do-tank” that is dramatically changing how rivers can get restored across the United States. The stories in Quantified highlight the most precious of resources—water—but they apply to any environmental effort. Whether in the realm of policy, agriculture, business, or philanthropy, Whitworth is charting a new course for conservation.
This volume is an outgrowth of the second Workshop on Logic, Language and Computation held at Stanford in the spring of 1993. The workshop brought together researchers interested in natural language to discuss the current state of the art at the borderline of logic, linguistics and computer science. The papers in this collection fall into three central research areas of the nineties, namely quantifiers, deduction, and context. Each contribution reflects an ever-growing interest in a more dynamic approach to meaning, which focuses on inference patterns and the interpretation of sentences in the context of a larger discourse. The papers apply either current logical machinery - such as linear logic, generalised quantifier theory, dynamic logic - or formal analyses of the notion of context in discourse to classical linguistic issues, with original and thought-provoking results deserving of a wide audience.
Since the time of Isaac Newton, physicists have used mathematics to describe the behavior of matter of all sizes, from subatomic particles to galaxies. In the past three decades, as advances in molecular biology have produced an avalanche of data, computational and mathematical techniques have also become necessary tools in the arsenal of biologists. But while quantitative approaches are now providing fundamental insights into biological systems, the college curriculum for biologists has not caught up, and most biology majors are never exposed to the computational and probabilistic mathematical approaches that dominate in biological research.
With Quantifying Life, Dmitry A. Kondrashov offers an accessible introduction to the breadth of mathematical modeling used in biology today. Assuming only a foundation in high school mathematics, Quantifying Life takes an innovative computational approach to developing mathematical skills and intuition. Through lessons illustrated with copious examples, mathematical and programming exercises, literature discussion questions, and computational projects of various degrees of difficulty, students build and analyze models based on current research papers and learn to implement them in the R programming language. This interplay of mathematical ideas, systematically developed programming skills, and a broad selection of biological research topics makes Quantifying Life an invaluable guide for seasoned life scientists and the next generation of biologists alike.
Quantifying Systemic Risk
Edited by Joseph G. Haubrich and Andrew W. Lo University of Chicago Press, 2013 Library of Congress HG106.Q36 2012 | Dewey Decimal 338.5
In the aftermath of the recent financial crisis, the federal government has pursued significant regulatory reforms, including proposals to measure and monitor systemic risk. However, there is much debate about how this might be accomplished quantitatively and objectively—or whether this is even possible. A key issue is determining the appropriate trade-offs between risk and reward from a policy and social welfare perspective given the potential negative impact of crises.
One of the first books to address the challenges of measuring statistical risk from a system-wide persepective, Quantifying Systemic Risk looks at the means of measuring systemic risk and explores alternative approaches. Among the topics discussed are the challenges of tying regulations to specific quantitative measures, the effects of learning and adaptation on the evolution of the market, and the distinction between the shocks that start a crisis and the mechanisms that enable it to grow.
Quantitative genetics—the statistical study of the inheritance of traits within a population—has become an important tool for studying the evolution of behavior in the last decade. Quantitative Genetic Studies of Behavioral Evolution examines the theory and methods of quantitative genetics and presents case studies that illustrate the many ways in which the methods can be applied.
Christine R. B. Boake brings together current theoretical and empirical studies to show how quantitative genetics can illuminate topics as diverse as sexual selection, migration, sociality, and aggressive behavior. Nearly half of the chapters focus on conceptual issues, ranging from quantitative genetic models to the complementary roles of quantitative genetic and optimality approaches in evolutionary studies. Other chapters illustrate how to use the techniques by providing surveys of research fields, such as the evolution of mating behavior, sexual selection, migration, and size-dependent behavioral variation. The balance of the volume offers case studies of territoriality in fruit flies, cannibalism in flour beetles, mate-attractive traits in crickets, locomotor behavior and physiology in the garter snake, and cold adaptation in the house mouse. Taken together, these studies document both the benefits and pitfalls of quantitative genetics.
This book shows the advanced student and scholar of behavioral evolution and genetics the many powerful uses of quantitative genetics in behavioral research.
In Quantum Anthropologies, the renowned feminist theorist Vicki Kirby contends that some of the most provocative aspects of deconstruction have yet to be explored. Deconstruction’s implications have been curtailed by the assumption that issues of textuality and representation are specific to the domain of culture. Revisiting Derrida’s claim that there is “no outside of text,” Kirby argues that theories of cultural construction developed since the linguistic turn have inadvertently reproduced the very binaries they intended to question, such as those between nature and culture, matter and ideation, and fact and value. Through new readings of Derrida, Husserl, Saussure, Butler, Irigaray, and Merleau-Ponty, Kirby exposes the limitations of theories that regard culture as a second-order system that cannot access—much less be—nature, body, and materiality. She suggests ways of reconceiving language and culture to enable a more materially implicated outcome, one that keeps alive the more counterintuitive and challenging aspects of poststructural criticism. By demonstrating how fields, including cybernetics, biology, forensics, mathematics, and physics, can be conceptualized in deconstructive terms, Kirby fundamentally rethinks deconstruction and its relevance to nature, embodiment, materialism, and science.
Quantum Anthropology offers a fresh look at humans, cultures, and societies that builds on advances in the fields of quantum mechanics, quantum philosophy, and quantum consciousness. Radek Trnka and Radmila Lorencová have developed an inspiring theoretical framework that transcends the boundaries of individual disciplines, and in this book they draw on philosophy, psychology, sociology, and consciousness studies to redefine contemporary sociocultural anthropological theory. Quantum anthropology, they argue, is a promising new perspective for the study of humanity that takes into account the quantum nature of our reality. This meta-ontology offers novel pathways for exploring the basic categories of our species’ being.
"Science is rooted in conversations," wrote Werner Heisenberg, one of the twentieth century's great physicists. In Quantum Dialogue, Mara Beller shows that science is rooted not just in conversation but in disagreement, doubt, and uncertainty. She argues that it is precisely this culture of dialogue and controversy within the scientific community that fuels creativity.
Beller draws her argument from her radical new reading of the history of the quantum revolution, especially the development of the Copenhagen interpretation. One of several competing approaches, this version succeeded largely due to the rhetorical skills of Niels Bohr and his colleagues. Using extensive archival research, Beller shows how Bohr and others marketed their views, misrepresenting and dismissing their opponents as "unreasonable" and championing their own not always coherent or well-supported position as "inevitable."
Quantum Dialogue, winner of the 1999 Morris D. Forkosch Prize of the Journal of the History of Ideas, will fascinate everyone interested in how stories of "scientific revolutions" are constructed and "scientific consensus" achieved.
"[A]n intellectually stimulating piece of work, energised by a distinct point of view."—Dipankar Home, Times Higher Education Supplement
"[R]emarkable and original. . . . [Beller's] arguments are thoroughly supported and her conclusions are meticulously argued. . . . This is an important book that all who are interested in the emergence of quantum mechanics will want to read."—William Evenson, History of Physics Newsletter
In this book, Robert Wald provides a coherent, pedagogical introduction to the formulation of quantum field theory in curved spacetime. He begins with a treatment of the ordinary one-dimensional quantum harmonic oscillator, progresses through the construction of quantum field theory in flat spacetime to possible constructions of quantum field theory in curved spacetime, and, ultimately, to an algebraic formulation of the theory. In his presentation, Wald disentangles essential features of the theory from inessential ones (such as a particle interpretation) and clarifies relationships between various approaches to the formulation of the theory. He also provides a comprehensive, up-to-date account of the Unruh effect, the Hawking effect, and some of its ramifications. In particular, the subject of black hole thermodynamics, which remains an active area of research, is treated in depth.
This book will be accessible to students and researchers who have had introductory courses in general relativity and quantum field theory, and will be of interest to scientists in general relativity and related fields.
Jeremy Bernstein Harvard University Press, 2009 Library of Congress QC174.13.B47 2009 | Dewey Decimal 530.12
Quantum Leaps is a lively, erudite book on a subject that Bernstein has lived with for most of its history. His experience and deep understanding are apparent on every page. Including recollections of encounters with the theory and the people responsible for it, Jeremy Bernstein's account ranges from the cross-pollination of quantum mechanics with Marxist ideology and Christian and Buddhist mysticism to its influence on theater, film, and fiction.
The ideas at the root of quantum theory remain stubbornly, famously bizarre: a solid world reduced to puffs of probability; particles that tunnel through walls; cats suspended in zombielike states, neither alive nor dead; and twinned particles that share entangled fates. For more than a century, physicists have grappled with these conceptual uncertainties while enmeshed in the larger uncertainties of the social and political worlds around them, a time pocked by the rise of fascism, cataclysmic world wars, and a new nuclear age.
In Quantum Legacies, David Kaiser introduces readers to iconic episodes in physicists’ still-unfolding quest to understand space, time, and matter at their most fundamental. In a series of vibrant essays, Kaiser takes us inside moments of discovery and debate among the great minds of the era—Albert Einstein, Erwin Schrödinger, Stephen Hawking, and many more who have indelibly shaped our understanding of nature—as they have tried to make sense of a messy world.
Ranging across space and time, the episodes span the heady 1920s, the dark days of the 1930s, the turbulence of the Cold War, and the peculiar political realities that followed. In those eras as in our own, researchers’ ambition has often been to transcend the vagaries of here and now, to contribute lasting insights into how the world works that might reach beyond a given researcher’s limited view. In Quantum Legacies, Kaiser unveils the difficult and unsteady work required to forge some shared understanding between individuals and across generations, and in doing so, he illuminates the deep ties between scientific exploration and the human condition.
Together with relativity theory, quantum mechanics stands as the conceptual foundation of modern physics. It forms the basis by which we understand the minute workings of the subatomic world. But at its core lies a paradox: standard conceptions of quantum mechanics imply that many of the actual measurements whose results we take to support and verify quantum mechanical theory can have no definite outcomes. Some quantity such as position or momentum is always indefinite on a quantum system; and if an indefinite quantity is measured, the macroscopic state of the measuring apparatus that is supposed to record the outcome instead becomes indefinite itself. In Quantum Measurement, editors Richard A. Healey and Geoffrey Hellman marshal the resources of leading physicists and philosophers of science, skillfully joining their insights and ingenuity to yield some of the most innovative and altogether promising thought to date on this enigmatic issue.
Throughout this authoritative volume, these authors explore the subtle and varied ways in which quantum mechanics informs the conditions, indeed the very process, of quantum measurement. The latest work on decoherence phenomena is combined with sophisticated modal interpretations, suggesting that definite values might be systematically attributed to a limited class of quantum observables while gauging the correspondent impact of environmental interactions on quantum interference terms. What emerges from this careful synthesis is a theoretically powerful and energetic new approach to the measurement dilemma, one that furthers our conceptual understanding of the fundamental interconnections between micro- and macroscopic systems, and that strives, ultimately, to describe and define within a unified quantum mechanical framework the breadth of our physical reality.
Contributors: Guido Bacciagaluppi, Jeffrey Bub, Rob Clifton, Michael Dickson, Dennis Dieks, Andrew Elby, Anthony J. Leggett, Bradley Monton, Abner Shimony, William Unruh, Pieter Vermaas.
Richard A. Healey is professor of philosophy at the University of Arizona. Geoffrey Hellman is professor of philosophy at the University of Minnesota.
ISBN 0-8166-3065-8 Cloth/jacket $39.95
Why does one theory "succeed" while another, possibly clearer interpretation, fails? By exploring two observationally equivalent yet conceptually incompatible views of quantum mechanics, James T. Cushing shows how historical contingency can be crucial to determining a theory's construction and its position among competing views.
Since the late 1920s, the theory formulated by Niels Bohr and his colleagues at Copenhagen has been the dominant interpretation of quantum mechanics. Yet an alternative interpretation, rooted in the work of Louis de Broglie in the early 1920s and reformulated and extended by David Bohm in the 1950s, equally well explains the observational data. Through a detailed historical and sociological study of the physicists who developed different theories of quantum mechanics, the debates within and between opposing camps, and the receptions given to each theory, Cushing shows that despite the preeminence of the Copenhagen view, the Bohm interpretation cannot be ignored. Cushing contends that the Copenhagen interpretation became widely accepted not because it is a better explanation of subatomic phenomena than is Bohm's, but because it happened to appear first.
Focusing on the philosophical, social, and cultural forces that shaped one of the most important developments in modern physics, this provocative book examines the role that timing can play in the establishment of theory and explanation.
Jean-Luc Nancy et Daniel Tyradellis, philosophes, questionnant tous deux la nature même de la pensée, se sont rencontrés un soir de novembre 2012 à Berlin. En a résulté un dialogue sur les représentations que nous nous faisons de la pensée, sur ce qui nous y amène, nous y force ou nous y incite ; mais également sur les bonnes et les mauvaises raisons de penser, sur la philosophie et la misosophie.
Cet échange rare et singulier traite de la précarité de toute pensée, qu’elle s’établisse dans la langue, dans l’image, dans le corps ou dans l’espace ; du nous et de la pensée partagée qui ouvre les possibilités du sens. Il dessine une pensée qui s’épuise, mais qui aime aussi, et nous redonne foi en l’existence.
John Smolens Michigan State University Press, 2019 Library of Congress PS3569.M646Q37 2019 | Dewey Decimal 813.54
In 1796 a trading ship arrives in the vibrant harbor town of Newburyport, Massachusetts, her crew decimated by a virulent fever. Despite the ship being placed under quarantine, this mysterious disease sweeps through the waterfront, causing entire families to die of plague-like symptoms with alarming haste. The pestilence tests the civility and courage of the seaport residents. Some risk their lives to nurse the sick, while others steal crucial medicine and profit on the black market. Some preach that the afflicted deserve the Lord’s punishment and those who treat the sick are in league with the devil. Dr. Giles Wiggins, a surgeon and veteran of the American Revolution, works tirelessly to save lives, often disagreeing with his medical colleagues on both the cause of the deadly ailment and its remedy. As the epidemic grows, the seaport’s future is threatened by obsession, greed, and fear.
Dan Lechay Ohio University Press, 2004 Library of Congress PS3612.E335Q37 2003 | Dewey Decimal 811.6
Once or twice in a generation a poet comes along who captures the essential spirit of the American Midwest and gives name to the peculiar nature that persists there. Like James Wright, Robert Bly, Ted Kooser, and Jared Carter before him, Dan Lechay reshapes our imagination to include his distinct and profound vision of this undersung region.
The poetry of Dan Lechay, collected in The Quarry, constructs a myth of the Midwest that is at once embodied in the permanence of the landscape, the fleeting nature of the seasons, and the eternal flow of the river. Lechay writes of memory and the mutability of memory, of the change brought on a person by the years lived and lost, and of the stoic attempts made by those around him to elicit an order and rationale to their lives.
The Quarry is the first full-length collection from this seasoned poet. Final judge Alan Shapiro in writing about The Quarry said: “If Dan Lechay's poems often begin with the ordinary details and circumstances of life in a small Midwestern town or city, they always end by reminding us that no moment of life is ever ordinary, that 'Nothing is more mysterious than the way things are.'
The Quarry is a marvelous, disquieting, extraordinarily beautiful book that meditates on fundamental questions of time and change in and through a clear-eyed yet loving evocation of everyday existence. Under Lechay's soulful gaze, the backyards, neighborhoods, animals, and landscapes he describes dramatize the often wrenching connection between beauty and loss, evanescence and memory. The Quarry is a thoroughly mature and accomplished book.”
To commemorate the journal’s quarter-century, this double issue consists of foundational pieces arranged in conversation with one another. Common Knowledge has opened lines of communication among schools of thought in the academy, as well as between the academy and the community of thoughtful people outside its walls, and the pages of the journal challenge the ways we think about scholarship and its relevance to humanity. Contributors to the issue include former presidents, prime ministers, and archbishops, along with winners of the Nobel Prize, Man Booker Prize, Pulitzer Prize, National Book Award, Mellon Foundation Distinguished Achievement Award, MacArthur Fellowship, International Balzan Prize, and Holberg International Prize.
Contributors. M. H. Abrams, Edward Albee, Barry Allen, Wayne Andersen, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Sir Isaiah Berlin, Marianna Birnbaum, Sir John Boardman, G. W. Bowersock, Aldo Buzzi, Caroline Walker Bynum, Anne Carson, William M. Chace, J. M. Coetzee, Cornelius Castoriadis, Stanley Cavell, Stuart Clark, Inga Clendinnen, Francis X. Clooney, Christopher Coker, Maria Conterno, Michael Cook, Lorraine Daston, Lydia Davis, Natalie Zemon Davis, Thibault De Meyer, Gunter Eich, Sir John H. Elliott, Caryl Emerson, Mikhail Epstein, Péter Esterházy, Roger Cardinal Etchegaray, Fang Lizhi, Paul Feyerabend, Michael Fried, Joseph Frank, Manfred Frank, Luis Garcia, Clifford Geertz, Carlo Ginzburg, Philip Gossett, Stephen Greenblatt, Thom Gunn, Jürgen Habermas, Ian Hacking, Václav Havel, Sir Edward Heath, Albert O. Hirschman, David Hollinger, Darrel Alejandro Holnes, Miroslav Holub, Maya Jasanoff, Albert R. Jonsen, Stanley N. Katz, Hugh Kenner, Sir Anthony Kenny, Sir Frank Kermode, Jee Leong Koh, Joseph Leo Koerner, Yusef Komunyakaa, György Konrád, Bruce Krajewski, László Krasznahorkai, Anton O. Kris, Julia Kristeva, Bruno Latour, Ewa Lipska, Greil Marcus, Steven Marcus, Samuel Menashe, Adam Michnik, Jack Miles, Alexander Nehamas, Reviel Netz, Sari Nusseibeh, Jeffrey M. Perl, Marjorie Perloff, J. G. A. Pocock, W. V. Quine, Belle Randall, Nadja Reissland, Colin Richmond, Richard Rorty, Ingrid Rowland, Hanna Segal, Amartya Sen, Quentin Skinner, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, A. L. Snijders, Timothy Snyder, Susan Sontag, Isabelle Stengers, Wis?awa Szymborska, Miguel Tamen, G. Thomas Tanselle, Sir Keith Thomas, Stephen Toulmin, Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, Michiko Urita, Bas van Fraassen, Marina Vanzolini, Gianni Vattimo, Helen Vendler, Charlie Samua Veric, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro, Sir Bernard Williams, Lord (Rowan) Williams, H. R. Woudhuysen, Grzegorz Wróblewski, Santiago Zabala
Quarter Notes harvests recent reviews, essays, memoirs, and interviews by acclaimed poet Charles Wright. Wright uses creative variations on the form of the linear essay including interviews with himself as interviewee, correspondence (with Charles Simic), and experimentation with what he calls Improvisations "non- linear associational storylines". The book's short, staccato-like bursts add up to much more than the sum of their parts.
This satisfying collection includes reminiscences and meditations on the details of memory and what it means to visit the past; the vices of titleism and the hydrosyllabic foot in poetry; a comparison of poems and journeys; appreciation of poets Donald Justice and John Crow Ransom; an attempt to define "image"; discussions of the current state of poetry; and various highlights from the Charles Wright Literary Festival.
Charles Wright's books of poetry include The World of the Ten Thousand Things and Country Music: Selected Early Poems. He received the 1993 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize and the 1992 Award of Merit Medal from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He is Souder Family Professor of English, University of Virginia.
Quasi Rational Economics
Richard H. Thaler Russell Sage Foundation, 1991 Library of Congress HB171.T47 1991 | Dewey Decimal 330
Standard economics theory is built on the assumption that human beings act rationally in their own self interest. But if rationality is such a reliable factor, why do economic models so often fail to predict market behavior accurately? According to Richard Thaler, the shortcomings of the standard approach arise from its failure to take into account systematic mental biases that color all human judgments and decisions.
"What caused the extinction of so many animals at or near the end of the Pleistocene? Was it overkill by human hunters, the result of a major climatic change or was it just a part of some massive evolutionary turnover? Questions such as these have plagued scientists for over one hundred years and are still being heatedly debated today. Quaternary Extinctions presents the latest and most comprehensive examination of these questions." —Geological Magazine
"May be regarded as a kind of standard encyclopedia for Pleistocene vertebrate paleontology for years to come." —American Scientist
"Should be read by paleobiologists, biologists, wildlife managers, ecologists, archeologists, and anyone concerned about the ongoing extinction of plants and animals." —Science
"Uncommonly readable and varied for watchers of paleontology and the rise of humankind." —Scientific American
"Represents a quantum leap in our knowledge of Pleistocene and Holocene palaeobiology. . . . Many volumes on our bookshelves are destined to gather dust rather than attention. But not this one." —Nature
"Two strong impressions prevail when first looking into this epic compendium. One is the judicious balance of views that range over the whole continuum between monocausal, cultural, or environmental explanations. The second is that both the data base and theoretical sophistication of the protagonists in the debate have improved by a quantum leap since 1967." —American Anthropologist
This work is the first thorough analysis of the creative oeuvre of the Quay Brothers. Known for their animation shorts that rely on puppetry, miniatures, and stop-motion techniques, their fiercely idiosyncratic films are fertile fields for Suzanne Buchan's engaging descriptions and provocative insights into the Quays' art-and into the art of independent puppet animation.
Buchan's aesthetic investigation stems from extensive access to the Quay Brothers' artistic practices and work, which spans animation and live-action film, stage design and illustration. She also draws on a long acquaintance with them and on interviews with collaborators essential to their productions, as well as archival sources. Discussions of their films' literary origins, space, puppets, montage, and the often-overlooked world of sound and music in animation shed new light on the expressive world that the Quay Brothers generate out of their materials to create the poetic alchemy of their films.
At once a biography of the Quays' artistic trajectory and a detailed examination of one of their best-known films, Street of Crocodiles, this book goes further and provides interdisciplinary methodologies and tools for the analysis of animation.