The Christian Moses

edited by Phillip Rousseau and Janet A. Timbie
CUA studies in early Christianity
Catholic University of America Press, 2019
eISBN: 978-0-8132-3192-1, Cloth: 978-0-8132-3191-4

As it developed an increasingly distinctive character of its own during the first six centuries of the common era, Christianity was constantly forced to reassess and adapt its relationship with the Jewish tradition. The process involved a number of preoccupations and challenges: the status of biblical and parabiblical texts (several of them already debatable in Jewish eyes), the nature and purposes of God, patterns of prayer (both personal and liturgical), ritual practices, ethical norms, the acquisition and exercise of religious authority, and the presentation of a religious “face” to the very different culture that surrounded and in many ways dominated both Christians and Jews.

The essays in this volume were developed within that broad field of inquiry, and indeed make their contribution to it. For, among the many issues already mentioned, there was also that of persons. What was Christianity to do, not just with Adam or Noah, say, but with Abraham, David and Solomon, the great prophetic figures of Jewish history—and, of course, with Moses?

As we move, chapter by chapter, across the early Christian centuries, we see Moses gradually changing in Christian eyes, and at the hands of Christian exegetes and theologians, until he becomes the philosopher par excellence, the forerunner of Plato, the archetype of the lawgiver, the model shepherd of the people of God—yet all on the basis of a scriptural record that Jews would still have been able to recognize.

Written by a range of established scholars, younger and older, many of them highly distinguished, The Christian Moses will appeal to graduate and senior students, to those rooted in a range of disciplines—literary, historical, art historical, as well in theology and exegesis—and to everyone interested in Jewish-Christian relations in this early era.
List of Abbreviations
1. Moses and Jesus against the Pharisees: Mark and Paul on Moses (Daniel Boyarin)
2. Luke’s Narrative Claim on Moses, the Persecuted Prophet (Dulcinea Boesenberg)
3. The Pauline Moses at Corinth: Indications of a Transformation (Emmanuel Nathan)
4. Following Paul, Following Moses: Moses as Exemplar in Clement of Rome’s Letter to the Corinthians (Virginia Wayland)
5. “A Servant in God’s House”: Competing Roles of Moses in 1 Clement and the Epistle to the Hebrews (David A. Smith)
6. The Making of a Classic: Moses as Author (Richard A. Layton)
7. Right Reasoning and the Interpretation of the Mosaic Law in Clement of Alexandria (Kathleen Gibbons)
8. Eusebius’s Moses: Hebrew, Jew, and Christian (Michael Hollerich)
9. The Ascetic Leader in Gregory of Nyssa’s Life of Moses (Ellen Muehlberger)
10. Moses Ascends to Heaven: Gregory of Nyssa’s Tabernacle Imagery in Life of Moses 2.170–201 (Ann Conway-Jones)
11. Moses and the Christian “New Moses” in Early Christian Funerary Art (Robin M. Jensen)
12. Moses at Sinai: From Aphrahat to Rabbula (Naomi Koltun-Fromm)
13. Against the Manichaean Moses: Augustine on Moses and Scripture (Paula Fredriksen)
14. Moses the Metonym: Cyril of Alexandria on the Law’s Self-Critique (Lee Blackburn)
15. Between Individual and Prototype: Moses in Late Antique Latin Christian Epic (Michael Müller)
16. Discipline and Mercy: Moses as a Pattern for Good Rulers in the Works of Pope Gregory the Great (Vadim Prozorov)
17. Moses at the Margins of Space and Time (John C. Reeves)
General Bibliography

Recently published