History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages

by Etienne Gilson
Catholic University of America Press, 2019
eISBN: 978-0-8132-3196-9, Paper: 978-0-8132-3195-2

ABOUT THIS BOOK
"A comprehensive analysis of philosophical thought from the second century to the fifteenth century, from the Greek apologists through Nicholas of Cusa. This work is Gilson's magnum opus." - Journal of the History of Ideas
AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY
Etienne Gilson was a French philosopher and historian of philosophy.
REVIEWS
“Invaluable for those who are concerned with the teaching of medieval philosophy or for those who are interested in research in medieval philosophy. Scholarship of a very high order is revealed everywhere in this work but the manner in which the author transcends mere scholarship and captures in a comprehensive grasp the grand perspectives of the medieval tradition in philosophy is the work of philosophical genius.” – Franciscan Studies
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Ch. IV
FOREWORD
Contents
INTRODUCTION
PART ONE. The Greek Apologists
1. Aristides and Quadratus
2. Justin Martyr
3. Tatian
4. Athenagoras
5. Theophilus of Antioch
6. Irenaeus
7. Hippolytus
PART TWO. Early Christian Speculation
1. Clement of Alexandria
2. Origen
A. God
B. The Logos
C. The World
1. Tertullian
2. Minucius Felix
3. Amobius
4. Lactantius
1. Gregory Nazianzenus
2. Basil the Great
3. Gregory of Nyssa
B. Anthropology
C. Theology
4. Nemesius
PART THREE. From Augustine to Boethius
1. Marius Victorinus
A. God
B. The World
C. Man and Knowledge
D. Ethics
1. Denis the Areopagite
2. Maximus of Chrysopolis
3. Johannes Philoponus
4. John Damascene
5. The Platonism of the Fathers
1. Faustus of Riez
2. Claudianus Mamertus
A. Problems in Logic
B. Problems in Psychology and Theology
C. Problems in the Philosophy of Natlue
4. From Cassiodorus to Gregory the Great
PART FOUR. From Scotus Erigena to Saint Bernard
1. Faith and Reason
2. Nature and Its Division
3. The Divine Ideas
4. Creation and Revelation
5. Creation and Illumination
6. The Hierarchy of Beings
7. The Return to God
1. Reason and Faith
2. The Existence of God in the Monologium
3. The Proof of the Proslogion
4. Attributes of God and Creation
5. Knowledge and Will
CHAPTER III. Platonism in the Twelfth Century
1. Gilbert of La Porree
2. Thierry of Chartres
3. Clarenbaud of Arras
4. John of Salisbury
CHAPTER IV. Peter Abelard
1. Logic
2. Ethics
3. Theology
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux
William of Saint Thierry
Isaac of Stella
Victorines
Maxims of Theology
Christian Notion of Nature
Art of Catholic Faith
PART FIVE. Arabian and Jewish Philosophy
CHAPTER 1. Arabian Philosophy
1. Alkindi and Alfarabi
2. Avicenna
A. Logic
B. Physics
C. Astronomy
D. Psychology
E. Metaphysics
F. Theology
3. Averroes
A. Philosophy and Religion
B. Epistemology and Metaphysics
CHAPTER II. Jewish Philosophy
1. Solomon Ibn Gabirol
2. Moses Maimonides
PART SIX. Early Scholasticism
Translations
Liber de Causis
Dominic Gundisalvi
De fluxu entis
Amaury of Bene
David of Dinant
Theological Syncretism
Pontifical Decrees Concerning Aristotle
Organization and Teaching Methods
Beginning of Universities
William of Auvergne
Adam Pulchrae Mulieris
2. Oxford
A. Robert Grosseteste
B. Pseudo-Grosse teste
PART SEVEN. Theology and Learning
1. Albert and Secular Learning
2. The Four Co-evals
3. Man
4. God
CHAPTER II. Roger Bacon
A. Physics
B. Man
C. Being
2. The Reformer
Speculative Grammar
Theology and Logic
Program for Examinations
William of Sherwood and Lambert of Auxerre
Peter of Spain
PART EIGHT. The Golden Age of Scholasticism
1. Alexander of Hales and John of La Rochelle
2. Bonaventure and His School
A. God
B. The Soul
C. The World
Walter of Bruges
Bartholomew of Bologna
Roger Marston
Peter Olieu
Vital du Four
Richard of Mediavilla
Ramon Lull
CRAPTER II. Scholastic Theologians in England
1. Robert Kilwardby
2. John Peckham
1. The Thomistic Reformation
2. Theology and Philosophy
3. God
4. Creation
5. Man
6. The End of Man
7. Thomism at the Crossways
PART NINE. The Condemnation of 1277
CHAPTER I. Latin Averroism
1. Siger of Brabant
2. Boetius of Sweden
Bonaventure
Etienne Tempier in 1270
Etienne Tempier in 1277
Condemned Propositions
Importance of the Condemnation
CHAPTER III. Philosophical Controversies
William of La Mare
John Quidort
Rambert of Bologna
2. The Plurality of Forms
Marston and Peckham
Giles of Lessines
J. Quidort, T. Sutton, G. of Fontaines
3. Existence and Essence
Meaning of the Problem
Giles of Rome
T. Sutton
G. of Fontaines
The Notion of Thomism
PART TEN. Fourteenth-Century Scholasticism
CHAPTER I. Albertists and Neo-Platonists
1. Dietrich of Vrieberg
2. Master Eckhart
3. Tauler and Ruysbroeck
1. Henry of Ghent
2. John Duns Scotus and His School
A. Metaphysics and Its Object
B. The Existence of God
C. Infinity and Contingency
D. Species and Individuals
E. Intellect and Will
Theoremata, A. Andreas, F. of Meyronnes, J. of Bassoles, W. of Alnwick, J. of Ripa, P. of Candia
CHAPTER III. Distintegration of Scholastic Theology
1. Durand of Saint-Pourcain
2. Peter Auriol
3. Henry of Harclay
4. The Carmelite Group
PART ELEVEN. The Modern Way
1. Intuition and Abstraction
2. Signs
3. Supposition and Signification
4. Intellection
5. Being and Cause
6. The Spirit of Ockhamism
CHAPTER II. Nominalism
1. Wodham, Holkot, Rimini
2. John of Mirecourt
3. Nicholas of Autrecourt
4. John Buridan
5. Albert of Saxony and Oresme
6. Extension of the Parisian School
CHAPTER III. The Second Averroism
1. John of Jandun
2. Marsilius of Padua
1. John Gerson
2. Nicholas of Cues
3. Greek Philosophy and Christianity
NOTES
I. Bibliographical Sources
II. List of Abbreviations
Introduction
Part One
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. IV
Ch. V, VI
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I
Ch. II
Ch. III
Ch. I, II
Ch. III
Index

Recently published