Trends in Archives Practice by the Society of American Archivists is a new, open-ended series of modules featuring brief, authoritative treatments — written and edited by top-level professionals — that fill significant gaps in archival literature. The goal of this modular approach is to build agile, user-centered resources. Each module will treat a discrete topic relating to the practical management of archives and manuscript collections in the digital age.
The first three modules address archival arrangement and description and are designed to complement Kathleen D. Roe's book, ARRANGING AND DESCRIBING ARCHIVES AND MANUSCRIPTS. They include:
STANDARDS FOR ARCHIVAL DESCRIPTION
Sibyl Schaefer and Janet M. Bunde
Untangles the history of standards development and provides an overview of descriptive standards that an archives might wish to use.
PROCESSING DIGITAL RECORDS AND MANUSCRIPTS
J. Gordon Daines III
Builds on familiar terminology and models to show how any repository can take practical steps to process born-digital materials and to make them accessible to users.
DESIGNING DESCRIPTIVE AND ACCESS SYSTEMS
Daniel A. Santamaria
Implementation advice regarding the wide range of tools and software that support specific needs in arranging, describing, and providing access to analog and digital archival materials.
This book is a collection of papers on language processing, usage, and grammar, written to commemorate the career of Thomas Wasow on the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday. Wasow has been professor of linguistics and philosophy at Stanford University since 1973, and is affiliated with the Symbolic Systems Program. He has made significant contributions to the study of English syntax, psycholinguistics, and philosophy of linguistics.
In 2002, Neil Whitehead published Dark Shamans: Kanaimà and the Poetics of Violent Death, in which he applied the concept of poetics to the study of violence and observed the power of violence in the creation and expression of identity and social relationships. The Poetics of Processing applies Whitehead’s theory on violence to mortuary and skeletal assemblages in the Andes, Mexico, the US Southwest, Jordan, Ethiopia, Egypt, and Turkey, examining the complex cultural meanings of the manipulation of remains after death.
The contributors interpret postmortem treatment of the physical body through a poetics lens, examining body processing as a mechanism for the re-creation of cosmological events and processing’s role in the creation of social memory. They analyze methods of processing and the ways in which the living use the physical body to stratify society and gain power, as evidenced in rituals of body preparation and burial around the world, objects buried with the dead and the hierarchies of tomb occupancy, the dissection of cadavers by medical students, the appropriation of living spaces once occupied by the dead, and the varying treatments of the remains of social outsiders, prisoners of war, and executed persons.
The Poetics of Processing combines social theory and bioarchaeology to examine how the living manipulate the bodies of the dead for social purposes. These case studies—ranging from prehistoric to historic and modern and from around the globe—explore this complex material relationship that does not cease with physical death. This volume will be of interest to mortuary archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, and cultural anthropologists.
Dil Singh Basanti, Roselyn Campbell, Carlina de la Cova, Eric Haanstad, Scott Haddow, Christina Hodge, Christopher Knusel, Kristin Kuckelman, Clark Spencer Larsen, Debra Martin, Kenneth Nystrom, Adrianne Offenbecker, Megan Perry, Marin Pilloud, Beth K. Scaffidi, Mehmet Somel, Kyle D. Waller
Putting Descriptive Standards to Work, edited by Kris Kiesling and Christopher J. Prom, is the most recent addition to SAA’s Trends in Archives Practice series. The book consists of four modules: Module 17: Implementing DACS: A Guide to the Archival Content Standard by Cory L. Nimer, lead archivists through the provisions of Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS); Module 18: Using EAD3, by Kelcy Shepherd, introduces Encoded Archival Description Version EAD3; Module 19: Introducing EAC-CPF by Katherine M. Wisser, introduces Encoded Archival Context–Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families (EAC-CPF); and Module 20: Sharing Archival Metadata, by Aaron Rubinstein, explores strategies for sharing archival metadata with researchers in the digital humanities and other archivists.
The micro-Doppler effect appears as Doppler frequency modulations in coherent laser or microwave radar systems induced by mechanical vibrations or rotations of a target or any part on the target. These Doppler modulations become a distinctive signature of a target that incorporates vibrating or rotating structures, and provides evidence of the identity of the target with movement.
This book concentrates on the processing and application of radar micro-Doppler signatures in real world situations, providing readers with a working knowledge on various applications of radar micro-Doppler signatures such as detection, tracking and discrimination of vehicles and dismounts, identifying human movement based on radar micro-Doppler signatures, detection and tracking small boats in sea, detection and discrimination complex motion of missile warheads, discrimination of quadrupedal animals, and detection and tracking of flying birds. Topics covered include bistatic/multistatic micro-Doppler signatures, decomposition of micro-Doppler signatures, through-wall radar micro-Doppler signatures and ultrasound micro-Doppler signature studies.
Radar Micro-Doppler Signatures: Processing and applications will be of interest to R&D researchers and engineers in government research centers, industries, and universities around the world who work on radar imaging and signal analysis, target feature extraction, and non-cooperative target recognition.
Past research conducted on natural language syntax has occasionally employed the well-known mathematical formalism Context-Free Grammar, defined by Noam Chomsky in 1957. But recent studies have indicated that this approach may not always be ideal in analyzing all types of natural languages. Researchers in theoretical linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive science, and in natural language processing have recently converged on a collective insight: formalizing the syntax of words is central to describing, understanding, and analyzing language. This insight has sparked considerable interest in Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG). Unlike traditional approaches for analyzing natural language syntax, TAG is a lexically-oriented mathematical formalism that can precisely capture the syntactic properties of natural languages such as English, French, and Korean. Tree Adjoining Grammars is the first ever collection of works that discusses the use of the TAG framework in natural language research. The volume begins with an introductory chapter that provides an overview of TAG and key research projects that have utilized the TAG framework in the past. Contributors discuss the formalism itself, its use in analyzing linguistic phenomena, and its use in building natural language processing systems. A glossary and extensive bibliography is included, allowing the volume to be accessible to a broad audience. The selection of works in this volume were presented at the Third International Workshop in Tree Adjoining Grammars and Related Formalisms held in Paris in 1994.