Selected Papers, Volume 2: Radiative Transfer and Negative Ion of Hydrogen

by S. Chandrasekhar

University of Chicago Press, 1989 Cloth: 978-0-226-10092-0 | Paper: 978-0-226-10093-7 Library of Congress Classification QB809.C47 1989 Dewey Decimal Classification 523.82

ABOUT THIS BOOK | TOC

ABOUT THIS BOOK

This is the second of six volumes collecting significant papers of the distinguished astrophysicist and Nobel laureate S. Chandrasekhar. His work is notable for its breadth as well as for its brilliance; his practice has been to change his focus from time to time to pursue new areas of research. The result has been a prolific career full of discoveries and insights, some of which are only now being fully appreciated.

Chandrasekhar has selected papers that trace the development of his ideas and that present aspects of his work not fully covered in the books he has periodically published to summarize his research in each area.

Volume 2 covers primarily the period 1940-50 and includes papers on the theory of radiative transfer and on the physics and astrophysics of the negative ion of hydrogen. Of particular note are Chandrasekhar's Gibbs Lecture to the American Mathematical Society in 1946 and his "Personal Account" presented at a conference at Erevan in the U.S.S.R. in 1981. A foreword by T. W. Mullikin, a distinguished scholar in the area of radiative transfer, and an author's note provide a historical context for the papers.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword by T. W. Mullikin
Author's Note Part One - Radiative Transfer 1. The Method of Discrete Ordinates
1. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, II The Astrophysical Journal 100, no. 1 (1944): 76-86
2. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, V The Astrophysical Journal 101, no. 1 (1945): 95-107
3. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, VII The Astrophysical Journal 101, no. 3 (1945): 328-47
4. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, VIII The Astrophysical Journal 101, no. 3 (1945): 348-55
5. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XII The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 2 (1946): 191-202
6. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XXI The Astrophysical Journal 106, no. 2 (1947): 152-216

2. Radiative Transfer Allowing for Polarization of Scattering Light
7. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, X The Astrophysical Journal 103, no. 3 (1946): 351-70
8. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XI The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 1 (1946): 110-32
9. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XIII The Astrophysical Journal 105, no. 1 (1947): 151-63
10. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XV The Astrophysical Journal 105, no. 3 (1947): 424-34
11. The Illumination and Polarization of the Sunlit Sky on Rayleigh Scattering. With Donna D. Elbert Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 44, pt. 6 (1954): 643-54

3. Principles of Invariance: The H- and the X- and Y-Functions
12. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XIV The Astrophysical Journal 106, no. 1 (1947): 164-203
13. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XVII The Astrophysical Journal 105, no. 3 (1947): 441-60
14. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XX The Astrophysical Journal 106, no. 2 (1947): 145-51
15. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XXII The Astrophysical Journal 107, no. (1948): 48-72
16. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XXII
(concluded) The Astrophysical Journal 107, no. 2 (1948): 188-215
17. The Angular Distribution of the Radiation at the Interface of Two Adjoining Media Canadian Journal of Physics 29 (1951): 14-20
18. On the Diffuse Reflection of a Pencil of Radiation by a Plane-Parallel Atmosphere Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 44, no. 9 (1958): 933-40
19. Diffuse Reflection by a Semi-Infinite Atmosphere. With H. G. Horak The Astrophysical Journal 134, no. 1 (1961): 45-56

4. Miscellaneous Problems
20. The Formation of Absorption Lines in a Moving Atmosphere Reviews of Modern Physics 17, nos. 2-3 (1945): 138-56
21. The Radiative Equilibrium of an Expanding Planetary Nebula.
I. Radiation Pressure in Lyman The Astrophysical Journal 102, no. 3 (1945): 402-28
22. The Softening of Radiation by Multiple Compton Scattering Proceedings of the Royal Society, A, 192 (1948): 508-18
23. A New Type of Boundary-Value Problem in Hyperbolic Equations Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 42, pt. 3 (1946): 250-60

5. Review Articles
24. The Transfer of Radiation in Stellar Atmospheres Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 53, no. 7 (1947): 641-711
25. Radiative Transfer: A Personal Account

Part Two - Investigation on the Negative Ion of Hydrogen and of Two-Electron Atoms
26. Some Remarks on the Negative Hydrogen Ions and Its Absorption Coefficient The Astrophysical Journal 100, no. 2 (1944): 176-80
27. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion The Astrophysical Journal 102, no. (1945): 223-31
28. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, II The Astrophysical Journal 102, no. 3 (1945): 395-401
29. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, III. With Frances Herman Breen The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 3 (1946): 430-45
30. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, IV The Astrophysical Journal 128, no. 1 (1958): 114-23
31. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, V. With Donna D. Elbert The Astrophysical Journal 128, no. 3 (1958): 633-35
32. The Continuous Spectrum of the Sun and the Stars. With Guido Münch The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 3 (1946): 446-57
33. The Story of Two Atoms The Scientific Monthly 64, no. 4 (1947): 313-21
34. Shift of the 1 S State of Helium, With Donna Elbert and G. Herzberg The Physical Review 91, no. 5 (1953): 1172-73
35. Energies of the Ground States of He, Li+, and O6+, With G. Herzberg The Physical Review 98, no. 4 (1955): 1050-54

Selected Papers, Volume 2: Radiative Transfer and Negative Ion of Hydrogen

by S. Chandrasekhar

University of Chicago Press, 1989 Cloth: 978-0-226-10092-0 Paper: 978-0-226-10093-7

This is the second of six volumes collecting significant papers of the distinguished astrophysicist and Nobel laureate S. Chandrasekhar. His work is notable for its breadth as well as for its brilliance; his practice has been to change his focus from time to time to pursue new areas of research. The result has been a prolific career full of discoveries and insights, some of which are only now being fully appreciated.

Chandrasekhar has selected papers that trace the development of his ideas and that present aspects of his work not fully covered in the books he has periodically published to summarize his research in each area.

Volume 2 covers primarily the period 1940-50 and includes papers on the theory of radiative transfer and on the physics and astrophysics of the negative ion of hydrogen. Of particular note are Chandrasekhar's Gibbs Lecture to the American Mathematical Society in 1946 and his "Personal Account" presented at a conference at Erevan in the U.S.S.R. in 1981. A foreword by T. W. Mullikin, a distinguished scholar in the area of radiative transfer, and an author's note provide a historical context for the papers.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword by T. W. Mullikin
Author's Note Part One - Radiative Transfer 1. The Method of Discrete Ordinates
1. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, II The Astrophysical Journal 100, no. 1 (1944): 76-86
2. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, V The Astrophysical Journal 101, no. 1 (1945): 95-107
3. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, VII The Astrophysical Journal 101, no. 3 (1945): 328-47
4. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, VIII The Astrophysical Journal 101, no. 3 (1945): 348-55
5. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XII The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 2 (1946): 191-202
6. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XXI The Astrophysical Journal 106, no. 2 (1947): 152-216

2. Radiative Transfer Allowing for Polarization of Scattering Light
7. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, X The Astrophysical Journal 103, no. 3 (1946): 351-70
8. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XI The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 1 (1946): 110-32
9. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XIII The Astrophysical Journal 105, no. 1 (1947): 151-63
10. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XV The Astrophysical Journal 105, no. 3 (1947): 424-34
11. The Illumination and Polarization of the Sunlit Sky on Rayleigh Scattering. With Donna D. Elbert Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 44, pt. 6 (1954): 643-54

3. Principles of Invariance: The H- and the X- and Y-Functions
12. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XIV The Astrophysical Journal 106, no. 1 (1947): 164-203
13. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XVII The Astrophysical Journal 105, no. 3 (1947): 441-60
14. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XX The Astrophysical Journal 106, no. 2 (1947): 145-51
15. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XXII The Astrophysical Journal 107, no. (1948): 48-72
16. On the Radiative Equilibrium of a Stellar Atmosphere, XXII
(concluded) The Astrophysical Journal 107, no. 2 (1948): 188-215
17. The Angular Distribution of the Radiation at the Interface of Two Adjoining Media Canadian Journal of Physics 29 (1951): 14-20
18. On the Diffuse Reflection of a Pencil of Radiation by a Plane-Parallel Atmosphere Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 44, no. 9 (1958): 933-40
19. Diffuse Reflection by a Semi-Infinite Atmosphere. With H. G. Horak The Astrophysical Journal 134, no. 1 (1961): 45-56

4. Miscellaneous Problems
20. The Formation of Absorption Lines in a Moving Atmosphere Reviews of Modern Physics 17, nos. 2-3 (1945): 138-56
21. The Radiative Equilibrium of an Expanding Planetary Nebula.
I. Radiation Pressure in Lyman The Astrophysical Journal 102, no. 3 (1945): 402-28
22. The Softening of Radiation by Multiple Compton Scattering Proceedings of the Royal Society, A, 192 (1948): 508-18
23. A New Type of Boundary-Value Problem in Hyperbolic Equations Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 42, pt. 3 (1946): 250-60

5. Review Articles
24. The Transfer of Radiation in Stellar Atmospheres Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 53, no. 7 (1947): 641-711
25. Radiative Transfer: A Personal Account

Part Two - Investigation on the Negative Ion of Hydrogen and of Two-Electron Atoms
26. Some Remarks on the Negative Hydrogen Ions and Its Absorption Coefficient The Astrophysical Journal 100, no. 2 (1944): 176-80
27. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion The Astrophysical Journal 102, no. (1945): 223-31
28. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, II The Astrophysical Journal 102, no. 3 (1945): 395-401
29. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, III. With Frances Herman Breen The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 3 (1946): 430-45
30. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, IV The Astrophysical Journal 128, no. 1 (1958): 114-23
31. On the Continuous Absorption Coefficient of the Negative Hydrogen Ion, V. With Donna D. Elbert The Astrophysical Journal 128, no. 3 (1958): 633-35
32. The Continuous Spectrum of the Sun and the Stars. With Guido Münch The Astrophysical Journal 104, no. 3 (1946): 446-57
33. The Story of Two Atoms The Scientific Monthly 64, no. 4 (1947): 313-21
34. Shift of the 1 S State of Helium, With Donna Elbert and G. Herzberg The Physical Review 91, no. 5 (1953): 1172-73
35. Energies of the Ground States of He, Li+, and O6+, With G. Herzberg The Physical Review 98, no. 4 (1955): 1050-54