Authoritarianism: Three Inquiries in Critical Theory
by Wendy Brown, Peter E. Gordon and Max Pensky
University of Chicago Press, 2018
Cloth: 978-0-226-59713-3 | eISBN: 978-0-226-59730-0 | Paper: 978-0-226-59727-0

Across the Euro-Atlantic world, political leaders have been mobilizing their bases with nativism, racism, and xenophobia, along with paeans to “traditional values,” in brazen bids for electoral support. How do we understand this move to the mainstream of political policies and platforms that lurked only on the far fringes during most of the post-War era?  Does it herald a novel wave of authoritarianism? Is liberal democracy itself in crisis? 
In this volume, three distinguished scholars draw upon critical theory to address our current political predicament.  Wendy Brown, Peter E. Gordon, and Max Pensky share a conviction that critical theory retains the power both to illuminate the forces producing the current constellation and possible paths away from it.  Brown explains how “freedom” has become a rallying cry for manifestly un-emancipatory movements; Gordon dismantles the idea that fascism is rooted in the susceptible psychology of individual citizens and reflects instead on the broader cultural and historical circumstances that lend it force; and Pensky brings together the unlikely pair of Tocqueville and Adorno to explore how democracies can buckle under internal pressure. These incisive essays do not seek to smooth over the irrationality of the contemporary world, and they do not offer the false comforts of an easy return to liberal democratic values. Rather, the three authors draw on their deep engagements with nineteenth and twentieth century thought to investigate the historical and political contradictions that have brought about this moment, offering fiery and urgent responses to the demands of the day.

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