The Church, the Councils, and Reform brings together leading authorities in the field of church history to reflect on the importance of the late medieval councils. This is the first book in English to consider the lasting significance of the period from Constance to Trent (1414-1563) when several councils met to heal the Great Schism (1378) and reform the church.
Form and Reform: Reading across the Fifteenth Century challenges the idea of any definitive late medieval moment and explores instead the provocatively diverse, notably untidy, and very rich literary culture of the age. These essays from leading medievalists, edited by Shannon Gayk and Kathleen Tonry, both celebrate and complicate the reemergence of the fifteenth century in literary studies. Moreover, this is the first collection to concentrate on the period between 1450 and 1500—the crucial five decades, this volume argues, that must be understood to comprehend the entire century’s engagement with literary form in shifting historical contexts.
The three parts of the collection read the categories of form and reform in light of both aesthetic and historical contexts, taking up themes of prose and prosody, generic experimentation, and shifts in literary production. The first section considers how attention to material texts might revise our understanding of form; the second revisits devotional writing within and beyond the context of reform; and the final section plays out different perspectives on the work of John Skelton that each challenge and test notions of the fifteenth century in literary history.
Because of the lack of systematically treated material from the period preceding the fifteenth century, the publication of an exhaustive study on the historical and artistic development of Persian bookbinding is almost impossible at the present time. It is not the writer's purpose to present here a historical or stylistic study of the subject, but rather to add to already published material additional specimens of artistic value, which may extend the hitherto scanty knowledge concerning the art of Persian bookbinding of the century in question. This book appears as a contribution from the University of Michigan Research Seminary in Islamic Art, which owes its existence to the interest of Dr. Alexander G. Ruthven, President of the University, and Professor John G. Winter, Director of the Division of Fine Arts.