cover of book
 

Travels and Archaeology in South Chile
by Junius B. Bird
edited by John Hyslop
commentaries by Margaret Bird
introduction by Gordon R. Willey
University of Iowa Press, 1988
Paper: 978-1-58729-343-6 | Cloth: 978-0-87745-202-7 | eISBN: 978-1-58729-014-5
Library of Congress Classification F3069.B53 1988
Dewey Decimal Classification 983.01

ABOUT THIS BOOK | AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY | REVIEWS | TOC | REQUEST ACCESSIBLE FILE
ABOUT THIS BOOK
"This is a remarkable book by one of the true geniuses in the field of anthropology during this century and one who provided valuable data for specialists in other disciplines as well."--H. M. Wormington


"An engaging manuscript that should charm a broad audience."--Thomas F. Lynch

"The field notes of Junius, and Peggy's diary, are valuable records of the excavations, artifacts, and interpretations of the best archaeologists to work in the southern tip of South America."--James G. Griffin


Junius Bird's three great archaeological field achievements--at the Strait of Magellan in Chilean Patagonia, in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile, and at the sites of early coastal dwellers in northern Peru--made his reputation as a New World prehistorian. His work in south Chile is especially important, since it established the great antiquity of human populations in South America. Until now, most of Bird's Chilean data remained unpublished, but this rich collection of field notebooks from his 1936 and 1937 excavations makes this primary information available for the first time.

Included in this volume are new data from Bird's excavations at Palli Aike, Fell's Cave, and Cañadon Leona as well as Cerro Sota and Mylodon caves. Excerpts from his published articles plus contributions by Juliet Clutton-Brock and Vera Markgraf reinforce the book with major new information about these truly pioneering investigations. Complementing the technical data are excerpts from the field journal kept by Margaret (Peggy) Bird. Witty, charming, and personable, her writings convey the more human aspects of Bird's research while interpreting his theoretical ideas. Finally, the many photographs taken by the Birds add a striking visual dimension to this volume.

The Birds' fieldwork took place under conditions, and with a spirit, vastly different from those of most researchers today. The texts and teamwork revealed in Travels and Archaeology in South Chilewill appeal to everyone concerned with the heavily debated question of earliest peopling in the Americas, with South American anthropology and archaeology, and with the days when archaeology truly meant exploration.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Background and Departure

Overview

South Chile and the Canoe Indians

Daily Life Sailing the Channels

2. Chronological Synthesis and Dating

The Periods

The Radiocarbon Dates

3. Canadon Leona

General Description

Excavation Information

The Artifacts

Faunal Remains

Possible Age of Deposit

Burials

Summary

Daily Life

4. Palli Aike

General Description

Excavation in Two Phases

Excavation Information

The Artifacts

Possible Age of Deposit

Faunal Remains

Human Remains

Daily Life

5. Fell's Cave

General Description

Excavation Information, 1936-1937

The Artifacts

Faunal Remains

Daily Life

Excavations by John Fell and the French Mission

Excavations, 1969-1970

The Carnivore Remains Excavated at

Fell's Cave in 1970. By Juliet Clutton-Brock

Fell's Cave: 11,000 Years of Changes in Paleoenvironments,

Fauna, and Human Occupation. By Vera Markgraf

6. Cerro Sota Cave

General Description

Excavation Information

The Artifacts

Faunal Remains

A Group Burial

Probable Dating of the Deposit

Daily Life

7. Mylodon Cave

Background

Structure of the Floor Deposit

Results and Conclusions

Human Remains

Sloth Skin

Broken or "Cut" Bone

Domestication of the Sloth

Summary of Evidence

Age of Remains

Two Additional Specimens

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