cover of book

Free Labor: The Civil War and the Making of an American Working Class
by Mark A. Lause
University of Illinois Press, 2015
eISBN: 978-0-252-09738-6 | Cloth: 978-0-252-03933-1 | Paper: 978-0-252-08086-9
Library of Congress Classification HD8070.L39 2015
Dewey Decimal Classification 305.562097309034

Monumental and revelatory, Free Labor explores labor activism throughout the country during a period of incredible diversity and fluidity: the American Civil War.
Mark A. Lause describes how the working class radicalized during the war as a response to economic crisis, the political opportunity created by the election of Abraham Lincoln, and the ideology of free labor and abolition. Grappling with a broad array of organizations, tactics, and settings, Lause portrays not only the widely known leaders and theoreticians, but also the unsung workers who struggled on the battlefield and the picket line. His close attention to women and African Americans, meanwhile, dismantles notions of the working class as synonymous with whiteness and maleness.
In addition, Lause offers a nuanced consideration of race's role in the politics of national labor organizations, in segregated industries in the border North and South, and in black resistance in the secessionist South, creatively reading self-emancipation as the largest general strike in U.S. history.
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