cover of book

Enemies of All Humankind: Fictions of Legitimate Violence
by Sonja Schillings
Dartmouth College Press, 2016
Paper: 978-1-5126-0016-2 | eISBN: 978-1-5126-0017-9 | Cloth: 978-1-5126-0015-5
Library of Congress Classification PS374.V58S34 2017
Dewey Decimal Classification 813.009355

Hostis humani generis, meaning “enemy of humankind,” is the legal basis by which Western societies have defined such criminals as pirates, torturers, or terrorists as beyond the pale of civilization. Sonja Schillings argues that the legal fiction designating certain persons or classes of persons as enemies of all humankind does more than characterize them as inherently hostile: it supplies a narrative basis for legitimating violence in the name of the state. The book draws attention to a century-old narrative pattern that not only underlies the legal category of enemies of the people, but more generally informs interpretations of imperial expansion, protest against structural oppression, and the transformation of institutions as “legitimate” interventions on behalf of civilized society. Schillings traces the Anglo-American interpretive history of the concept, which she sees as crucial to understanding US history, in particular with regard to the frontier, race relations, and the war on terror.
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